大学生成就动机与学业拖延:学业倦怠的中介作用
Relationship between Achievement Motivation and Academic Procrastination in Undergraduate Students: Mediation Effect of Academic Burnout

作者: 王丁丁 , 蒋 艺 :西华师范大学教育学院心理学系,四川 南充 ; 宋 蕾 :西华师范大学基建处,四川 南充;

关键词: 学业拖延成就动机学业倦怠中介作用大学生Academic Procrastination Achievement Motivation Academic Burnout Mediation Effect College Students

摘要:
目的:在文献分析和对在校本科大学生学业拖延现状考察的基础上,以大学生为被试,探讨学业倦怠在成就动机与学业拖延之间的中介作用。方法:采用大学生学习拖延问卷(APC)、大学生学业倦怠问卷(MBI-GS修订版)和成就动机量表(AMS)对223名大学生进行测量。结果:1) 成就动机、学业倦怠与学业拖延之间存在两两显著相关;2) 成就动机和学业倦怠对学业拖延有显著的预测作用,其中学业倦怠在避免失败的动机维度以及成就动机总分对学业拖延的影响中均有完全中介作用。结论:学业倦怠在成就动机对学业拖延的影响中起完全中介作用。

Abstract: Objective: Based on the analysis of the scientific literature and the careful observation of the cur-rent situation, this research explored the mediating effect of academic burnout on the relationship between achievement motivation and academic procrastination among undergraduate students. Methods: The APC (the Academic Procrastination Questionnaire for college students), MBI-GS (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey) and AMS (Achievement Motivation Scale) question-naires were administered to 223 undergraduate students. Results: 1) There were significant cor-relations among academic procrastination, academic burnout and achievement motivation. 2) Both academic burnout and achievement motivation could forecast academic procrastination and the academic burnout acted as the mediator between the avoid failure (or achievement motivation total scores) and academic procrastination. Conclusion: The academic burnout has full intermediary effects on the achievement motivation’s influence on academic procrastination.

文章引用: 王丁丁 , 蒋 艺 , 宋 蕾 (2016) 大学生成就动机与学业拖延:学业倦怠的中介作用。 心理学进展, 6, 779-789. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.67102

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