Nursing Experience of Patients with Pterygium after Application of Corneal Bandage Lens
Abstract: Objective: To explore and evaluate the nursing methods of using corneal bandage lens for patients, whose pterygiums were excised and combined with autogenous conjunctival transplantation. Method: 64 eyes with pterygium of 64 patients were selected. The pterygium invaded corneoscleral limbus more than or equal to 2 mm. These patients underwent pterygium excision combined with autologous conjunctival transplantation and then were divided into 2 groups; each group consisted of 32 eyes. Group A worn Bausch & Lomb pure optic corneal bandage lens immediately after surgery; Group B, as control group, didn’t wear a bandage contact lens. The two groups were bandaged for 1 month after surgery, and began to use medicine after removing the bandage. The two groups used the same medicine. The patients gave a score for the postoperative symptoms (pain, foreign body sensation, photophobia, tears). The days to complete healing of the corneal wound were compared by doctors (not the surgeons). Result: The postoperative discomfort symptom scores of group A were lower than those of group B, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). In group A, the corneal wound healing time was 3.6 ± 0.7 days, while the time in group B was 5.8 ± 0.8 days. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). No adverse reactions were found in patients of group A who were wearing bandage lenses. Conclusion: Bandage contact lens for patients after pterygium surgery can significantly relieve postoperative discomfort and promote corneal wound healing.
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