赤泥中有价元素的提取和回收
Extraction and Recovery of Valuable Elements in the Red Mud

作者: 周成云 , 赵艳君 , 曾建民 :广西大学,材料科学与工程学院,广西 南宁;

关键词: 赤泥有价金属回收提取Red Mud Valuable Metals Recovery Extraction

摘要:
赤泥是氧化铝生产过程中的强碱性固体粉末状废弃物,本文简要概述了赤泥的基本特性,着重阐述了国内外从赤泥中回收有价金属元素铁、铝、钛和其他稀土元素的工艺,并对其进行了评析。最后对赤泥的综合利用进行了展望,而赤泥与红土镍矿制备铁镍合金的方法前景广阔。

Abstract: Red mud is a strong basicity solid waste residue of the digestion of bauxite ores with caustic soda for alumina production. This paper gives a overview of the basic characteristics of red mud and also puts great emphasis on the recycling technologies both at home and abroad, which mainly deal with those valuable metals come from red mud, such as Fe, Al, Ti and RE elements. And last, this paper points out there is a high trend towards the comprehensive utilization of red mud, hence, it is a booming prospective concerning the productive process of preparing iron nickel alloy by the smelting of red mud and lateritic nickel ore.

文章引用: 周成云 , 赵艳君 , 曾建民 (2016) 赤泥中有价元素的提取和回收。 冶金工程, 3, 87-93. doi: 10.12677/MEng.2016.32013

参考文献

[1] 张国立, 李绍纯, 张馨元, 等. 拜耳法赤泥水洗脱碱工艺的研究[J]. 青岛理工大学学报, 2012(4): 59-62.

[2] Kalkan, E. (2006) Utilization of Red Mud as a Stabilization Material for the Preparation of Clay Liners. Engineering Geology, 87, 220-229.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2006.07.002

[3] 南相莉, 张廷安, 刘燕, 等. 我国赤泥综合利用分析[J]. 过程工程学报, 2010(1): 264-270.

[4] Liu, Y. and Naidu, R. (2014) Hidden Values in Bauxite Residue (Red Mud): Recovery of Metals. Waste Management, 34, 2662-2673.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.09.003

[5] 李小平. 平果铝赤泥堆场的边坡环境问题与治理对策研究[J]. 有色金属(矿山部分), 2007(2): 29-31.

[6] 杨征. “赤”色警报——匈牙利赤泥事件给中国敲响警钟[J]. 中国有色金属, 2010(22): 30-31.

[7] 王健月, 倪文. 我国赤泥综合利用现状及发展前景[C]. 第五届尾矿与冶金渣综合利用技术研讨会, 2014.

[8] 景英仁, 景英勤, 杨奇. 赤泥的基本性质及其工程特性[J]. 轻金属, 2001(4): 20-23.

[9] 董学芝, 李德亮, 李东, 等. 中铝河南分公司赤泥中金属成分分析[C]. 中国环境科学学会学术年会论文集(第四卷), 2010.

[10] 南相莉, 张廷安, 刘燕, 等. 我国主要赤泥种类及其对环境的影响[J]. 过程工程学报, 2009(1): 459-464.

[11] Justiz-Smith, N., Buchanan, V.E., et al. (2006) The Potential Application of Red Mud in the Production of Castings. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 420, 250-253.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2006.01.038

[12] 于永波, 王克勤, 王皓, 等. 山西铝厂赤泥性质的研究. 太原理工大学学报, 2009(1): 63-66.

[13] 张成林, 王家伟, 刘华龙, 等. 赤泥脱碱技术研究现状与进展[J]. 矿产综合利用, 2014(2): 11-14.

[14] 朱晓波, 李望, 管学茂, 等. 拜耳法赤泥脱碱研究现状[J]. 硅酸盐通报, 2014(9): 2254-2257.

[15] 东北大学. 东北大学特殊冶金团队喜获保尔森基金“2015年可持续发展规划项目”荣誉奖[EB/OL]. http://neunews.neu.edu.cn/campus/news/2015-11-03/39459.html, 2015-11-3.

[16] 冯延磊, 丁丽, 张作才, 等. 一种赤泥脱碱综合处理装置[P/OL]. CN204454889U. 2015-07-08.

[17] 古明远, 王敏, 任中山, 等. 综合利用赤泥的系统[P/OL]. CN204874678U. 2015-12-16.

[18] Xiang, Q., Liang, X., Schleringer, M.E., et al. (2001) Low-Temperature Reduction of Ferric Iron in Red Mud. Light Metals: Proceedings of Sessions, TMS Annual Meeting, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), January 2001.

[19] Piga, L., Pochetti, F. and Stoppa, L. (1995) Application of Thermal Analysis Techniques to a Sample of Red Mud—A By-Product of the Bayer Process—For Magnetic Separation. Thermochimica Acta, 254, 337-345.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(94)01988-S

[20] 徐进修, 罗修连. 赤泥的综合利用和有价金属的回收工艺综述(一) [J]. 广西冶金, 1994(2): 19-29.

[21] Ercag, E. and Apak, R. (1997) Furnace Smelting and Extractive Metallurgy of Red Mud: Recovery of TiO2, Al2O3 and Pig Iron. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 70, 241-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199711)70:3<241::AID-JCTB769>3.0.CO;2-X

[22] 逯军正, 于先进, 张丽鹏. 从赤泥中回收铁的研究现状[J]. 山东冶金, 2007, 29(4): 10-12.

[23] Zhu, D., Chun, T.J., Pan, J. and He, Z. (2012) Recovery of Iron from High-Iron Red Mud by Reduction Roasting with Adding Sodium Salt. Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, 19, 1-5.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1006-706X(12)60131-9

[24] 管建红. 采用脉动高梯度磁选机回收赤泥中铁的试验研究[J]. 有色金属科学与工程, 2000, 14(4): 15-18.

[25] 杨文. 从赤泥中回收铁和氧化铝的研究[D]: [硕士学位论文]. 长沙: 中南大学, 2012.

[26] 曾建民, 何奥平, 詹海鸿, 等. 一种利用赤泥和红土镍矿制备铁镍合金的方法[P/OL]. CN104178624A. 2014-8-25.

[27] Piga, L., Pochetti, F. and Stoppa, L. (1993) Recovering Metals from Red Mud Generated during Alumina Production. JOM, 45, 54-59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03222490

[28] Pankaj Kasliwal, P.S.T.S. (1999) Enrichment of Titanium Dioxide in Red Mud: A Kinetic Study. Hydrometallurgy, 53, 73-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-386X(99)00034-1

[29] Cengeloglu, Y., Kir, E. and Ersöz, M. (2001) Recovery and Concentration of Al, Fe, Ti, and Na from Red Mud. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 244, 342-346.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.2001.7924

[30] 周秋生, 范旷生, 李小斌, 彭志宏, 刘桂华. 采用烧结法处理高铁赤泥回收氧化铝[J]. 中南大学学报(自然科学版), 2008, 39(1): 92-97.

[31] 李军旗, 龙琼, 徐本军. 烧结法处理赤泥回收氧化铝的研究[J]. 轻金属, 2009(11): 11-13.

[32] 郑秀芳. 低温拜耳法赤泥回收铝、钠工艺研究[J]. 山东冶金, 2010, 32(1): 16-18.

[33] Zhong, L., Zhang, Y.F. and Zhang, Y. (2009) Extraction of Alumina and Sodium Oxide from Red Mud by a Mild Hydro-Chemical Process. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172, 1629-1634.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.036

[34] 张江娟. 从赤泥中回收二氧化钛的初步研究[J]. 中国资源综合利用, 2003(1): 28-30.

[35] 李亮星, 黄茜琳. 从赤泥中提取钛的试验研究[J]. 湿法冶金, 2011, 30(4): 323-325.

[36] Ghosh, I., Guha, S., Balasubramaniam, R. and Ramesh Kumar, A.V. (2011) Leaching of Metals from Fresh and Sintered Red Mud. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 185, 662-668.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.09.069

[37] Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou, M.Th., Hatzilyberis, K.S., Men-drinos, L.N. and Salmas, C.E. (2002) Pilot-Plant Investigation of the Leaching Process for the Recovery of Scandium from Red Mud. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 41, 5794-5801.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie011047b

[38] 尹中林. 从平果铝矿的拜尔法赤泥中提取氧化钪的初步试验研究[J]. 铝镁通讯, 1995(3): 16-23.

[39] 姜平国. 赤泥中回收稀土金属的综述[J]. 资源再生, 2005, 24(10): 8-9.

[40] 胡璇, 刘万超, 石磊. 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法测定赤泥浸出液中稀土元素[J]. 冶金分析, 2015, 35(12): 46-50.

分享
Top