挥发诱导自组装制备多孔Li4SiO4材料
An Evaporation Induced Self-Assembly Method to Porous Li4SiO4 Materials

作者: 黄雪芹 , 韩继梅 , 肖 强 , 钟依均 , 朱伟东 :浙江师范大学物理化学研究所,先进催化材料省部共建教育部重点实验室,浙江 金华;

关键词: Li4SiO4模板剂自组装CO2吸收Li4SiO4 Template Self-Assembly CO2 Absorption

摘要:
本文以氢氧化锂(LiOH•H2O)为锂源、正硅酸乙酯(TEOS)为硅源、去离子水为溶剂、十六烷基三甲基溴化氨(CTAB) + 聚丙烯酸(PAA)为复合模板剂,采用挥发诱导自组装法(EISA)经高温焙烧制备多孔Li4SiO4 材料。利用X射线粉末衍射(XRD)和扫描电子显微镜(SEM)对材料的结构特征与表面形貌进行表征,用N2吸脱附考察材料的孔结构,在热重分析仪(TG)上研究Li4SiO4材料高温下的CO2吸收性能和循环稳定性。实验结果表明,以CTAB + PAA为复合模板剂,60℃溶剂挥发诱导自组装制备的Li4SiO4材料在550℃、0.25 bar下5 min内吸收量可达22.5 wt%,且在10 min内达到吸收平衡,平衡吸收量为28.8 wt.%,经5次吸收–解吸后仍保持初始吸收性能,显示了良好的循环稳定性。

Abstract: A solvent evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) method followed by calcination was employed to prepare porous Li4SiO4 materials by using LiOH•H2O, TEOS, deionized water, and CTAB + PAA as lithium source, silicon source, solvent, and composite template, respectively. X-ray powder dif-fraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were applied to characterize the structure and morphology of the as-prepared Li4SiO4 materials. The pore structures of the Li4SiO4 materials were investigated by the N2 adsorption-desorption analysis. CO2 uptakes and recycle stability of the prepared Li4SiO4 materials were investigated on a thermogravity (TG) analyzer. The sample synthesized by the EISA method at 60˚C displays CO2 uptakes up to 22.5 wt% within 5 min. Addi-tionally, an absorption equilibrium of 28.8 wt% can be available within 10 min at 550˚C and a CO2 partial pressure of 0.25 bar. After five absorption-desorption cycles, the Li4SiO4 material keeps its original CO2 absorption properties, indicating a good cycle stability.

文章引用: 黄雪芹 , 韩继梅 , 肖 强 , 钟依均 , 朱伟东 (2016) 挥发诱导自组装制备多孔Li4SiO4材料。 物理化学进展, 5, 39-47. doi: 10.12677/JAPC.2016.52005

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