区域资源资产核算技术与环境容量及承载力阈值的研究
Accounting Method of Regional Resources Properties and Thresholds Analysis of Environmental Capacity and Environmental Carrying Capacity

作者: 周敬宣 , 周业晶 :华中科技大学环境科学与工程学院,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 自然资源资产负债表环境容量环境承载力阈值系统动力学Balance Sheet of Natural Resources Environmental Capacity Environmental Carrying Capacity Thresholds System Dynamics

摘要:
按照“十三五”的最新精神,中国需要完善自然资源资产负债表的价值化技术,以及优化环境容量、承载力的核算方法。本文对当前负债表编制的难点提出了解决思路。其中环境容量、承载力的分析是编制区域负债表、制定环境规划的关键。以武汉市大气系统为例,梳理与评价了环境容量、环境承载力的概念、计算方法中存在的问题,优选统计数据,合理地预测出一批大气环境容量、环境承载力指标的动态阈值。这不仅为政府调控环境-经济,也为测算环境系统价值提供了重要依据。

Abstract: According to the 13th Five-Year Plan, China is urgent to improve the value analysis of balance sheet of natural resources and to optimize the calculating method of environmental capacity and environmental carrying capacity. In this paper, we proposed solving ideas for the balance sheet of natural resources, in which environmental capacity and carrying capacity were the keys to compiling regional balance sheet and drawing up an environmental plan. As a case study of Wuhan’s atmospheric environment, we evaluated and defined the atmospheric environmental capacity and its carrying capacity, discussed the current problems in their analysis, then calcu-lated the thresholds based on appropriate statistical data by using System Dynamics (SD) me-thod. This is not only a foundation of coordinated development of economy and environment for government regulation, but also an important basis of value estimation of environmental sys-tem.

文章引用: 周敬宣 , 周业晶 (2016) 区域资源资产核算技术与环境容量及承载力阈值的研究。 环境保护前沿, 6, 29-37. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2016.62005

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