发展性计算障碍的工作记忆研究进展
A Review of Studies on Working Memory of Developmental Dyscalculia

作者: 李 强 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 发展性计算障碍视空间工作记忆言语工作记忆执行功能Developmental Dyscalculia Visual-Spatial Working Memory Verbal Working Memory Executive Function

摘要:
发展性计算障碍是一种特殊的学习障碍。近年来发展性计算障碍引起学者们的极大关注。工作记忆与数学能力相关,并且对数学成就具有很强的预测作用。研究表明工作记忆缺陷可能是发展性计算障碍的原因之一,但是发展性计算障碍与工作记忆具体功能模块的关系不明朗。综述从视空间工作记忆、言语工作记忆、执行功能三个方面对前人的研究进行梳理,指出未来应从被试的选取,工作记忆任务的种类和数量等方面进行改进,进一步明确发展性计算障碍的工作记忆具体模块缺陷。

Abstract: Developmental dyscalculia is a specific learning disability. In recent years, research on develop-mental dyscalculia has attracted attention from more and more researchers. Working memory is broadly related to mathematics skills, and it has a strong predicted effect on mathematics achieve- ment. A lot of studies indicate that working memory impairment is one of the causes of develop-mental dyscalculia. But it is difficult to draw any firm conclusions regarding what aspect of working memory is impaired. The article reviews the study on working memory of developmental dys-calculia based on three aspects: visual-spatial working memory, verbal working memory and ex-ecutive function. We point out that further researchers should improve from the selection of sub-jects, the type and quantity of working memory task in order to know what aspect of working memory is impaired.

文章引用: 李 强 (2016) 发展性计算障碍的工作记忆研究进展。 心理学进展, 6, 526-531. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64070

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