女大学生对花美男和阳刚男择偶偏爱的内隐效应探究
Implicit Mating Preferences of Female Undergraduates: The Choice between Masculine and Female Male

作者: 支 蕊 , 张 甜 :苏州大学文正学院社会服务系,江苏 苏州;

关键词: 女大学生择偶偏爱的内隐效应阳刚男花美男Female Undergraduates Implicit Mating Preferences Perceived Masculinity Perceived Femininity

摘要:
应用IAT内隐联想测验,采用被试內设计对苏州大学文正学院30名女大学生进行配对样本T检验,从而来研究女大学生在择偶上对花美男和阳刚男的内隐偏好。研究结果发现,女大学生在阳刚男与花美男的按键反应的平均正确率上无显著差异,而在按键的平均反应时上存在显著差异(即,女大学生对阳刚男的平均反应时显著短于对花美男的平均反应时)。实验结果在一定程度上暗示着女大学生在择偶上对阳刚男有更为积极的评价,但并没有显著的偏好差异。

Abstract: The aim of this article is to explore the differences of implicit mating preferences of female un-dergraduates. Our sample consisted of 30 female undergraduates from Wenzheng College of Soo-chow University and we used within-subjects design and Paired-Sample T test to explore this object. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was applied as a tool to measure the implicit mating tendency. The result showed that the average accuracy rate of the key-press responses between the two coupling tasks was found not significant in terms of the IAT on implicit mating preferences. Nevertheless, the average reaction time connected between masculine male information and posi-tive words were significantly smaller than that between feminine male information and passive words, which indicated that masculine features in male were more attractive than feminine ones, to a certain extent.

文章引用: 支 蕊 , 张 甜 (2016) 女大学生对花美男和阳刚男择偶偏爱的内隐效应探究。 心理学进展, 6, 482-489. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64064

参考文献

[1] 陈珊珊, 李益, 罗榕, 江振建, 吴茵茵(2014). 大学生性别角色类型的分布及其影响因素研究. 教育教学论坛, 46, 87-89.

[2] 黄佳佳(2013). 性别角色与择偶偏好的关系. 硕士学位论文, 河北师范大学, 石家庄.

[3] 寇慧, 苏艳华, 张妍, 孔繁昌, 胡媛艳, 王洋, 陈红(2013). 面孔吸引力的影响因素: 观察者假设. 心理科学进展, 21(12), 2144-2153.

[4] 马锦华(2001). 大学生双性化人格模式与心理健康关系探析. 安徽教育学院学报, 19(4), 87-89.

[5] 马华维, 俞琴燕, 陈浩(2007). 面孔吸引力研究方法综述. 心理科学, 30(4), 906-908.

[6] 钱铭怡, 王易平, 章晓云, 朱松(2003). 十五年来中国女性择偶标准的变化. 北京大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 40(5), 121-128.

[7] 卫丹(2013). 高知女性双性化人格特征与择偶偏好的关系. 硕士学位论文, 沈阳师范大学, 沈阳.

[8] 温芳芳, 佐斌(2012a). 男性化与女性化对面孔偏好的影响——基于图像处理技术和眼动的检索. 心理学报, 44(1), 14-29.

[9] 温芳芳, 佐斌(2012b) . 性别二态线索对男性面孔吸引力影响的方法差异之争. 心理学探新, 32(2), 166-170.

[10] 温芳芳, 佐斌(2013). 无偏见目标对内隐与外显相貌偏见的调节效应——基于IAT与AMP的测量. 中国特殊教育, 1, 73-78.

[11] 殷雷(2004). 当代都市女性择偶心理的调查研究. 心理科学, 27(2), 468-470.

[12] 张凤琴(2003). 当代女大学生择偶心理研究. 韶关学院学报, 24(4), 119-123.

[13] Boothroyd, L. G., Jones, B. C., Burt, D. M., Cornwell, R. E., Little, A. C., Tiddeman, B. P., & Perrett, D. I. (2005). Facial Masculinity Is Related to Perceived Age but Not PERCEIVED Health. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 417-431.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2005.01.001

[14] Cornwell, R. E., Boothroyd, L., Burt, D. M., Feinberg, D. R., Jones, B. C., Little, A. C. et al. ( 2004). Concordant Preferences for Opposite-Sex Signals? Human Pheromones and Facial Characteristics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 271, 635-640.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2649

[15] DeBruine, L. M., Jones, B. C., Little, A. C., Boothroyd, L. G., Perrett, D. I., Penton-Voak, I. S. et al. (2006). Correlated Preferences for Facial Masculinity and Ideal or Actual Partner’s Mascu-linity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 273, 1355-1360.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3445

[16] DeBruine, L. M., Jones, B. C., Crawford, J. R., Welling, L. L.M., & Little, A. C. (2010). The Health of a Nation Predicts Their Mate Preferences: Cross-Cultural Variation in Women’s Prefe-rences for Masculinized Male Faces. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 277, 2405-2410.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.2184

[17] Ishai, A. (2007). Sex, Beauty and the Orbitofrontal Cortex. Interna-tional Journal of Psychophysiology, 63, 181-185.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2006.03.010

[18] Jones, B. C., Vukovic, J., Little, A. C., Roberts, S. C., & De-Bruine, L. M. (2011). Circum-Menopausal Changes in Women’s Preferences for Sexually Dimorphic Shape Cues in Peer-Aged Faces. Biological Psychology, 87, 453-455.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.04.004

[19] Kocsor, F., Rezneki, R., Szabolcs, J., & Bereczkei, T. (2011). Preference for Facial Self-Resemblance and Attractiveness in Human Mate Choice. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(6), 1263-1270.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-010-9723-z

[20] Little, A. C., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M., & Fein-berg, D. R. (2008). Symmetry and Sexual Dimorphism in Human Faces: Interrelated Preferences Suggest both Signal Quality. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 902-908.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arn049

[21] Little, A. C., Saxton, T. K., Roberts, S. C., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M., Vukovic, J., & Chenore, T. (2010). Women’s Preferences for Masculinity in Male Faces Are Highest during Reproductive Age Range and Lower Aroundpuberty and Post-Menopause. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 912-920.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2009.12.006

[22] Penton-Voak, I. S., Jacobson, A., & Trivers, R. (2004).Populational Differences in Attractiveness Judgments of Male and Female Faces: Comparing British and Jamaican Samples. Evolution and Human Behavior, 25, 355-370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2004.06.002

[23] Rhodes, G., Simmons, L. W. & Peters, M. (2005). At-tractiveness and Sexual Behavior: Does Attractiveness Enhance Mating Success? Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 186-201.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2004.08.014

[24] Rhodes, G. (2006). The Evolutionary Psy-chology of Facial Beauty. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 199-226.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190208

[25] Rennels, J. L., Bronstad, P. M., & Langlois, J. H. (2008). Are Attractive Men’s Faces Masculine or Feminine? The Importance of Type of Facial Stimuli. Journal of Expe-rimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 884-893.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.34.4.884

[26] Saxton, T. K., Debruine, L. M., Jones, B. C., Little, A. C., & Ro-berts, S. C. (2009). Face and Voice Attractiveness Judgments Change during Adolescence. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 398-408.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2009.06.004

[27] Welling, L. L. M., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M., Conway, C. A., Law Smith, M. J., Little, A. C., & Al-Dujaili, E. A. (2007). Raised Salivary Testosterone in Women Is Associated with Increased Attraction to Masculine Faces. Hormones and Behavior, 52, 156-161.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2007.01.010

分享
Top