自我客体化对女性大学生外表焦虑的影响—安全感的中介效应
The Influence of Self Objectification on Appearance Anxious among Female College Students—The Mediating Effect of Security Sense

作者: 于庆鼎 , 赵玉芳 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 自我客体化外表焦虑安全感中介效应Self-Objectification Appearance Anxiety Sense of Security Mediating Effect

摘要:
目的:探讨感知安全感在自我客体化与外表焦虑之间的中介作用。方法: 以237名女性大学生为被试,采用自我客体化问卷、外表焦虑量表和安全感量表。结果表明:1) 女性自我客体化程度与外表焦虑存在显著正相关;2) 安全感在自我客体化对外表焦虑的影响中起部分中介的作用。

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the mediating role of sense of security between the appearance anxiety and self-objectification. Methods: Questionnaires, Appearance Anxiety Scale and Security Scale were used to examine 237 female college students. Results: 1) Self-objectification and appearance anxiety have significant positive correlation; 2) The sense of security has partial mediating effect on the appearance anxiety.

文章引用: 于庆鼎 , 赵玉芳 (2016) 自我客体化对女性大学生外表焦虑的影响—安全感的中介效应。 心理学进展, 6, 452-457. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64060

参考文献

[1] 丛中, 安莉娟(2004). 安全感量表的初步编制及信度、效度检验. 中国心理卫生杂志, (2), 97-99.

[2] 温忠麟, 张雷, 侯杰泰, 等(2004). 中介效应检验程序及其应用. 心理学报, 36(5), 614-620.

[3] Calogero, R. M. (2004). A Test of Ob-jectification Theory: The Effect of the Male Gaze on Appearance Concerns in College Women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 16-21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2004.00118.x

[4] Dion, K. L., Dion, K. K., & Keelan, J. P. (1990). Appearance Anxiety as a Dimension of Social-Evaluative Anxiety: Exploring the Ugly Duckling Syndrome. Contemporary Social Psychology, 14, 220-224.

[5] Fredrickson, B. L., & Roberts, T. (1997). Objectification Theory: Toward Understanding Women’s Lived Experiences and Mental Health Risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173-206.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1997.tb00108.x

[6] Goffman, E. (1979). Gender Advertisements. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

[7] Harper, B., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). The Effect of Thin Ideal Media Images on Women’s Self-Objectification, Mood, and Body Image. Sex Roles, 58, 649-657.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-007-9379-x

[8] Kilbourne, J., & Jhally, S. (2000). Killing Us Softly 3: Advertising Images of Women [Video Recording]. Available from Media Education Foundation. http://www.mediaed.org

[9] Lee, B.W., & Stapinski, L.A. (2012). Seeking Safety on the Internet: Relationship between Social Anxiety and Problematic In-ternet Use. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 197-205.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.11.001

[10] McKinley, N. M., Hyde, J. S. (1996). The Objectified Body Consciousness Scale: Development and Validation. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20, 181-215.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1996.tb00467.x

[11] Noll, S. M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). A Meditational Model Linking Self-Objectification, Body Shame, and Disordered Eating. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 22, 623-636.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1998.tb00181.x

[12] Roberts, T. A., Gettman, J. Y. (2004). Mere Exposure: Gender Differences in the Negative Effects of Priming a State of Self- Objectification. Sex Roles, 51, 17-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:SERS.0000032306.20462.22

[13] Swim, J. K., Hyers, L. L., Cohen, L. L., & Ferguson, M. J. (2001). Everyday Sexism: Evidence for Its Incidence, Nature, and Psychological Impact from Three Daily Diary Studies. Journal of Social Issues, 57, 31-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0022-4537.00200

[14] Unger, R., & Crawford, M. (1996). Gender and Psychological Dis-orders. In R. Unger & M. Crawford (Eds.), Women and

[15] Gender: A Feminist Psychology (2nd ed.). New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

分享
Top