心理韧性对相对剥夺儿童社会支持的改善:基于弹性心理训练效果分析
Improvement of Social Support for Children with Relative Deprivation by Resilience Based on the Effect of Elastic Psychological Training

作者: 甄锋泉 , 刘 颖 , 黎光明 , 蒋 欢 , 梁正妍 , 王幸君 :华南师范大学心理学院、心理应用研究中心,广东 广州;

关键词: 弹性心理训练相对剥夺感儿童心理韧性社会支持Elastic Psychological Training Relative Deprivation Children Resilience Social Support

摘要:
目的:通过弹性心理训练,考察相对剥夺儿童心理韧性对社会支持的改善效果。方法:使用相对剥夺感量表调查456名儿童,筛选出62名相对剥夺感较强的儿童,对他们进行弹性心理训练,比较训练前后的心理韧性和社会支持水平。结果:弹性心理训练前相对剥夺感高分组和低分组儿童在主观支持、客观支持、对支持的利用度和社会支持总分上均有显著性差异(p < 0.001)。在接受弹性心理训练后,心理韧性量表的坚韧、力量和乐观均有所提高,并且训练前后的得分有显著性差异(p < 0.001或p < 0.01),在主观支持、客观支持、对支持的利用度和社会支持总分上有显著性提高(p < 0.001)。结论:弹性心理训练对相对剥夺儿童社会支持的改善起到了较好效果。

Abstract: Objective: To study impacts of resilience for children with relative deprivation on social support through elastic psychological training. Methods: Personal relative deprivation scale was used to investigate 456 children and compare their results. There were 62 children who had serious rela-tive deprivation and needed be done the resilience education practice. Then we compare the result of social support and resilience before and after doing it. Results: Before elastic psychological training, there are significant differences for subjective support, objective support, utilization support and total scores between serious and slight relative deprivation children (p < 0.001). After implementing elastic psychological training, tenacity, strength and optimism of CD-RISC are improved and have a clear significance between the scores of the training (p < 0.001 or p < 0.01). There is significant increase for subjective support, objective support, utilization support and total scores between serious and slight relative deprivation adolescent (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Elastic psychological training is an effective approach to improve social support of children who have a high relative deprivation.

文章引用: 甄锋泉 , 刘 颖 , 黎光明 , 蒋 欢 , 梁正妍 , 王幸君 (2016) 心理韧性对相对剥夺儿童社会支持的改善:基于弹性心理训练效果分析。 心理学进展, 6, 431-436. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64057

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