大学生孤独感与社交焦虑的相关研究
A Research on the Correlation of Loneliness and Social Anxiety in College Students

作者: 万里川 :贵州师范大学教育科学学院,贵州 贵阳;

关键词: 大学生孤独感社交焦虑College Students Loneliness Social Anxiety

摘要:
为了探讨大学生孤独感与社交焦虑之间的关系,本研究采用了UCLA孤独量表和交往焦虑量表(Interaction Anxiousness Scale, IAS)对450名大学生施测。研究结果表明:1) 大学生的孤独感体验在性别、是否独生、生源地项目上呈显著性差异;2) 大学生的社交焦虑在性别和是否独生上存在显著性差异;3) 孤独感与社交焦虑呈正相关,且达到显著水平,孤独感对社交焦虑有正向预测作用。结论:高校心理健康教育工作人员应该正确对待大学生高孤独感群体,并及时给予调控,帮助他们走出孤独,并锻炼大学生的社交能力,培养良好的人际交往品质,促进大学生的健康成长。

Abstract: To explore the relationship between loneliness and social anxiety of college students, we test 450 college students by using the UCLA loneliness scale and the social anxiety scale (Interaction An-xiousness Scale, IAS). The results showed that: 1) with respect to the sense of loneliness, there was statistical significance in the projects of sex, one-child and local institution; 2) with respect to the social anxiety, there was statistical significance in the projects of sex and one-child; 3) there was a significant positive correlation between the sense of loneliness and social anxiety, and the sense of loneliness was a positive predictor for social anxiety. The conclusion is: the college staff who work at mental health education should properly deal with the problem of students who have high lone-liness to help them get out of loneliness, exercise the social skills of university students, develop good interpersonal communication quality, and promote the healthy growth of college students.

文章引用: 万里川 (2016) 大学生孤独感与社交焦虑的相关研究。 心理学进展, 6, 391-397. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64051

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