Research Summary of Oil Transport and Numerical Simulation Methods of Oil Spill in Ice Covered Water
Abstract: In recent years, with the rapid development of offshore oil exploration activities, oil spill accident can occur in the process of oil extraction, storage and transportation, which is seriously harm to marine species and environment and causes economic losses. In addition, oil will experience com-plex physical and chemical changes, including evaporation, dissolution, emulsification, and spreading, oxidation and biological degradation. These progresses change the nature of the oil spill, and influence oil spill drift pattern. Especially in sea with ice existing, oil spill drifting is affected by the restrictions of ice, which make it more difficult to predict oil drift trajectory. Therefore, it is more difficult for oil spill recovery processing. In this paper, oil spill drift rule and numerical simulation method in water with ice covered were studied.
文章引用: 宋梦然 , 袁光奇 , 黄 焱 (2016) 冰区溢油漂移及数值模拟方法研究综述。 海洋科学前沿， 3， 6-10. doi: 10.12677/AMS.2016.31002
 Anon (2003) Oil in the Sea III: Inputs, Fates, and Effects. National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Transportation Research Board, Marine Board, Ocean Studies Board, Prepared for National Research Council, Washington DC, 2003.
Abascal, A., Castanedo, S., Medina, R. and Liste, M. (2010) Analysis of the Reliability of a Statistical Oil Spill Response Model. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60, 2099-2110.
Faksness, L.G., Brandvik, P.J., Daae, R.L., et al. (2011) Large-Scale Oil-In-Ice Experiment in the Barents Sea: Monitoring of Oil in Water and MetOcean Interactions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62, 976-984.
 Drozdowski, D., Nudds, S., Hannah, C.G., Niu, H., Pe-terson, I. and Perrie, W. (2011) Review of Oil Spill Trajectory Modelling in the Presence of Ice, Canadian Technical Report of Hydrographic and Ocean Sciences. Fisheries and Ocean, Canada, 274.
 Hānninen, S. and Sassi, J. (2010) Acute Oil Spills in Arctic Waters—Oil Combating in Ice. VTT Research Report VTT-R-03638-09.
 夏定武, 徐继祖. 渤海海冰漂移模型[J]. 中国海上油气: 工程, 1997(2): 21-27.
 夏定武, 徐继祖. 有冰海域溢油运动数值模型研究[J]. 海洋学报: 中文版, 1998(1): 113-112.
 Free, A.P., Cox, J.C. and Schultz, L.A. (1981) Laboratory Studies of Oil Spill Behavior in Broken Ice Fields. Laboratory Tests.
Chen, H.Z., Liu, D.M., et al. (2007) Mathematical Modeling of Oil Spill on the Sea and Application of the Modeling in Daya Bay. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 19, 282-291.