和谐度方程在水文水资源领域应用展望
Application Prospect of Harmony Degree Equation in the Field of Hydrology and Water Resources

作者: 左其亭 :郑州大学水利与环境学院,河南 郑州;郑州大学水科学研究中心,河南 郑州;

关键词: 和谐论和谐度方程和谐论量化研究方法水文水资源系统Harmony Theory Harmony Degree Equation The Quantitative Research Method of Harmony Theory Hydrology and Water Resources System

摘要:
水文水资源系统是一个十分复杂的巨系统,不仅仅涉及水文水资源系统本身,还与其相关联的经济社会系统、生态环境系统关系十分密切,不可分割,组成一个复杂系统。因此,研究水文水资源系统需要借助非常广泛的理论、技术和方法,其中以和谐度方程为基石构建的和谐论量化研究方法在解决众多水文水资源问题中具有独特的优势。本文首先回顾了和谐论量化研究方法的提出过程,进一步分析了水文水资源研究的需求及和谐论的应用成果;基于大量的前期研究经验总结,全面阐述了和谐度方程在水文水资源领域应用展望,主要从系统分析计算、综合评价、系统决策分析三方面介绍了和谐度方程在水文水资源领域的可能应用;提出了和谐度方程(HDE)评价方法、基于统一度(a)的协调程度量化方法、基于分歧度(b)的敌对状况量化方法、基于和谐度方程的和谐平衡模型等。

Abstract: As a very complex and giant system, the hydrology and water resources system has a close relationship with the economic-social system and ecological environment system, and they jointly form a complex system. Therefore, the research of the hydrology and water resources system requires very extensive theories, technology and methods. Among them, the quantitative research method of harmony theory based on the harmony degree equation plays a very important role in solving the problem of hydrology and water resources. The proposed process of the quantitative research method of harmony theory was reviewed, and the research demands in the field of hydrology and water resources and the harmony theory application were analyzed in this paper. Based on the summary of the previous researches, the application prospects of harmony degree equation in the field of hydrology and water resources were detailed mainly from three aspects, i.e. the systemic analysis computation, the comprehensive evaluation and the systemic decision analysis. The harmony degree equation (HDE) evaluation method, the quantit-ative coordination degree method based on the unity degree (a), the quantitative opposition situation method based on the difference degree (b), and the harmony equilibrium model based on the HDE have been proposed.

文章引用: 左其亭 (2016) 和谐度方程在水文水资源领域应用展望。 水资源研究, 5, 101-107. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2016.52013

参考文献

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