感恩和乐观的关系:领悟到的社会支持的作用
The Relationships between Gratitude and Optimism: The Role of Perceived Social Support

作者: 任 哲 , 任凤燕 , 刘 萌 , 杨 迪 , 余洁静 , 张 舒 , 刘亚楠 :郑州大学教育系,河南 郑州;

关键词: 感恩领悟到的社会支持乐观Gratitude Perceived Social Support Optimism

摘要:
目的:探讨大学生领悟到的社会支持在感恩与乐观之间的中介作用。方法:随机选取372名大学生,采用感恩问卷、领悟到的社会支持量表和乐观主义—悲观主义量表进行测量。结果:大学生的感恩与乐观显著正相关,感恩和领悟到的社会支持对乐观均有正向预测作用,在控制了领悟到的社会支持对乐观的影响后,感恩对乐观的正向预测作用仍具有统计学意义(β值从0.35下降到0.24,p ˂ 0.01)结论:领悟到的社会支持在感恩与乐观间起部分中介作用。

Abstract: Objective: To explore the mediating role of perceived social support on relationship between gra-titude and optimism among college students. Methods: Totally 372 college students were surveyed with the Gratitude Questionnaire-6, Perceived social support scale and Optimism-Pessimism scale. Results: The gratitude scores positively correlated with the optimism score. Regression analysis indicated that gratitude and perceived social support have positively predictability of optimism. Gratitude still positively predicts optimism (β value decreased from 0.35 to 0.24, p <0. 01) on the basis that perceived social support is controlled. Conclusion: The result of the research indicates that perceived social support has a partial mediating effect between gratitude and optimism.

文章引用: 任 哲 , 任凤燕 , 刘 萌 , 杨 迪 , 余洁静 , 张 舒 , 刘亚楠 (2016) 感恩和乐观的关系:领悟到的社会支持的作用。 心理学进展, 6, 269-274. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.63035

参考文献

[1] 陈瑞, 郑毓煌, 刘文静(2013). 中介效应分析: 原理、程序、Bootstrap方法及其应用. 营销科学学报, 9(4), 120-135.

[2] 李艳春, 孙鹏(2011). 大学生感戴和社会支持来源的关系研究. 中国健康心理学杂志, 19(2), 217-218

[3] 任俊, 叶浩生(2005). 积极人格: 人格心理学研究的新趋向. 华东师范大学学报(人文社会科学版), 44(4), 120-126.

[4] 陶志琼(2004). 关于感恩教育的几个问题的探讨. 教育科学, 20(4), 9-12.

[5] 汪向东, 王希林, 马弘等(1999). 心理卫生评定量表手册. 北京: 中国心理卫生杂志社.

[6] 王燕(2008). 大学生乐观与社会支持的关系研究. 硕士论文, 河南大学, 开封.

[7] 肖水源, 杨德森(1987). 社会支持对身心健康的影响. 中国心理卫生杂志, 4, 184-187.

[8] 袁立新, 林娜, 江晓娜(2013). 乐观主义–悲观主义量表的编制及信效度研究. 广东教育学院学报, 27(1), 55-59.

[9] Gencon, T., & Zlale, Y. (2004). Direct and Indirect Effects of Social Support on Psychological Well-Being. Social Behavior and Personality, 32, 449-458.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2004.32.5.449

[10] McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. (2002). The Grateful Disposition: A Conceptual and Empirical Topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112-127.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.112

[11] Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1986). Coping with Stress: Divergent Strategies of Optimists and Pessimists. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1257-1264.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1257

[12] Schweizer, K., & Schneider, R. (1997). Social Optimism as Generalized Expectancy of a Positive Outcome. Personality and Individual Difference, 22, 317-325.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0191-8869(96)00219-x

[13] Wood, A. M., Joseph, S., & Maltby, J. (2008). Gratitude Uniquely Predicts Satisfaction with Life: Incremental Validity above the Domains and Facets of the Five Factor Model. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 49-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.02.019

分享
Top