考研学生自我差异的相关研究
Self-Discrepancies Research on the Fresh Graduate Examinees

作者: 翁玲玲 , 汤永隆 :西南大学心理学部,重庆; 郑 丽 :福建医科大学心理学系,福建 福州;

关键词: 自我差异考研学生性别差异Self-Discrepancy Fresh Graduate Examinees Gender Difference

摘要:
自我差异(self-discrepancy)是指自我概念中现实自我,理想自我和应该自我之间的不统一。为了了解考研学生的自我差异的情况,采用心理测量法对考研学生进行研究,结果表明:1) 相对于应该自我和现实自我来说,考研学生中理想自我与现实自我之间的差异比较大,2) 理想自我与现实自我差异的性别主效应显著,女生的理想自我与现实自我的差异相对于男生更大。该研究结果侧面反映现实生活中的状况,且提示男女性别有可能存在的自我差异。

Abstract: Self-discrepancy refers to the inconsistency among the actual-self, ideal-self and ought-self. In order to research the self-discrepancy on the fresh graduate examinees, the method of questionnaire survey is used. The results show that: 1) relative to the discrepancy between ought-self and actual-self, the difference between the ideal-self and actual-self is much larger, 2) the main effect of the discrepancy between the ideal-self and actual-self is significantly different, therein, the woman’s difference is bigger than man’s. The results may prompt gender difference in the self- discrepancy.

文章引用: 翁玲玲 , 汤永隆 , 郑 丽 (2016) 考研学生自我差异的相关研究。 社会科学前沿, 5, 166-170. doi: 10.12677/ASS.2016.51024

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