From the “Physical Symbol System” Hypothesis to the “Informational Man” Hypothesis—A New Worldview and Methodology of Psychology Inspired by the Two Informatics Revolutions
Abstract: When examining psychology led by scientism before the mid-20th century from the perspective of theoretical informatics, we found that due to the establishment of “psychophysics” and “psychobi-ology”, psychology as a whole successively has been studied within either the discipline of physics or the discipline of biology but it has never been investigated within the paradigm of informatics. “Man” is treated as the physical and biological material object (collectively referred to “Material Man” hypothesis), but not seen as an information object (“Informational Man” hypothesis). Humanism and post-modernism psychologists criticized scientism schools of psychology, but their criticisms failed to hit the mark. Without the strong support of information science, it was very difficult for humanism and post-modernism psychology to become the mainstream of psychology. Since the mid-20th century, with the rise of information science, two informatics revolutions took place successively and a new guiding principle for psychology was proposed. The “Physical Symbol System” hypothesis of information processing psychology shook the basis of the “Material Man” hypothesis, and the “Informational Man” hypothesis now is intended to subvert the “Material Man” hypothesis. It is widely believed that with the popularity of scientific world outlook and the application of systematic methodology, the information age calls for the birth of “Informational Psychology”, which needs an “Informational Man” hypothesis as its basic proposition. After exploring the limitations of contemporary psychology and the weaknesses of “Physical Symbol System” hypothesis, the present paper tries to illuminate in detail the “Informational Man” hypothesis as the first proposition of informational psychology: a new conception and methodology of psychology will be put forward, inspired by the two informatics revolutions. Our human being is an open, physical and self-organizing psycho-biological system, and human nature therefore can be treated as an informational repeating and generating system.
文章引用: 李宗荣 , 高莉莉 , 严 炜 (2016) 从“物理符号系统”假说到“信息人”假说—两次信息学革命推动心理学世界观方法论的跃升。 社会科学前沿， 5， 123-130. doi: 10.12677/ASS.2016.51018
 李炳全. 主流心理学的困境与文化心理学的兴起[J]. 西北师大学报(社会科学版), 2005(1): 42-48.
 高志鹏. 探析主流心理学追求自然科学化的原因[J]. 心理科学进展, 2010, 18(1): 185-191.
 燕国材. 理论心理学[M]. 广州: 暨南大学出版社, 2007: 272.
 李宗荣. 理论信息学概论[M]. 北京: 中国科学技术出版社, 2010.
 燕国材. 理论心理学[M]. 广州: 暨南大学出版社, 2007: 273.
 B.R.赫根汉. 心理学史导论[M]. 第四版. 郭本禹, 等, 译. 上海: 华东师范大学出版社, 2001.
 Cartwright, J. (2000) Evolution and Human Beha-vior—Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature. Macmiluan Press Ltd, London, 307.
 李宗荣, 殷正坤, 周建中, 张勇传. 生命信息学视野中的人——兼谈死亡标准问题[J]. 华中科技大学学报(社会科学版), 2004, 18(3): 112-115.
 李宗荣. 论信息的复杂性[D]: [博士学位论文]. 武汉: 华中科技大学, 2012.