新疆地区实习护生心理健康与自我效能感相关分析研究
Correlation Analysis of Mental Health and Self Efficacy of Nursing Students in Xinjiang Area

作者: 苏建萍 , 马 梅 , 陈利群 :新疆医科大学附属肿瘤医院护理部,新疆 乌鲁木齐市; 林素兰 :新疆医科大学护理学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐市;

关键词: 实习护生心理健康一般自我效能感相关关系Nursing Students Mental Health General Self-Efficacy Correlation

摘要:
目的:调查新疆地区实习护生心理健康的状况与自我效能感的水平,并分析自我效能感对心理状况的影响。方法:采用一般自我效能感量表、症状自评量表(SCL-90)及一般资料问卷,对194名实习护生进行问卷调查,采用回归分析,探讨一般自我效能感对心理健康状况的影响。结果:实习护生一般自我效能感总均分为(2.77分 ± 0.58),处于中等偏上水平;SCL-90得分为(1.51 ± 0.41),高于全国青年组常模(P < 0.05),心理健康水平较低,其中人际关系敏感和焦虑两个因子差异显著(P < 0.05);回归分析结果:护生一般自我效能感与心理健康水平呈负相关(r = −0.336, P < 0.05)。结论:新疆地区实习护生一般自我效能感处于中等偏上水平,心理健康总体水平较低,且二者相互影响。护理教育者应采取有效措施在临床带教中注重对实习护生自我效能感的提升及心理健康的培养,让护生能够更好地调整心理健康状态,正确应对,积极适应临床护理工作。

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the Xinjiang area nursing students’ mental health and self-efficacy level, and analyze the influence of self-efficacy on mental health. Methods: Using the general self-efficacy scale, symptom checklist (SCL-90) and general information questionnaire to 194 nursing students conducted a questionnaire survey. By regression analysis, to explore the general self-efficacy impact on mental health. Results: The practice of general self-efficacy total scores for nursing students (2.77 ± 0.58) was in the middle level; SCL-90 score was (1.51 ± 0.41), higher than the national norm of youth group (P < 0.05), low level of mental health among them, two factors of interpersonal sensi-tivity and anxiety had significant difference (P < 0.05). Regression Analysis: General self-efficacy was negatively correlated with the level of mental health of nursing students (r = −0.336, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The general self-efficacy practice conclusion Xinjiang nursing students can sense in medium partial level, the lower the overall level of mental health and influence each other. Nursing educators should take effective measures to pay attention to nursing students’ sense of self efficacy and mental health training in clinical teaching in, let the nurse students to better adjust to the psychological health state and correct response, and actively adapt to clinical nursing work.

文章引用: 苏建萍 , 林素兰 , 马 梅 , 陈利群 (2016) 新疆地区实习护生心理健康与自我效能感相关分析研究。 心理学进展, 6, 242-247. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.63031

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