新疆地区实习护生自我效能感与护生护理专业临床沟通能力的关系研究
Research on the Relationship between Self-Efficacy of Nursing Students and Clinical Communication Ability of Nursing Students in Xinjiang Area

作者: 苏建萍 , 马梅 * , 张翠萍 :新疆医科大学附属肿瘤医院护理部,新疆 乌鲁木齐; 程晓萍 :新疆医科大学附属肿瘤医院教学科,新疆 乌鲁木齐;

关键词: 实习护生一般自我效能感护理专业临床沟通能力相关性Practice Nursing Students General Self-Efficacy Clinical Communication Ability of Nursing Specialty Correlation

摘要:
目的:调查新疆地区实习护生自我效能感及护生护理专业临床沟通能力的现状水平,分析探讨一般自我效能感与护生护理专业临床沟通能力的相关关系。方法:采用一般情况问卷、一般自我效能感量表和护生护理专业临床沟通能力量表,对194名实习护生进行问卷调查,采用回归分析,探讨一般自我效能感量表和护生护理专业临床沟通能力的关系。结果:实习护生一般自我效能感总分为2.71分 ± 0.57分,低于成人常模,其中少数民族护生自我效能感得分高于汉族护生P < 0.05;男生自我效能感高于女生,P < 0.05,护生专业沟通能力总分为84.62分 ± 14.15分,处于中等水平,采用Pearson相关分析护生一般自我效能感与护理专业临床沟通能力成正相关(r = 0.327, P < 0.01)。结论:实习护生自我效能感低于常模,处于中等偏上水平,护生护理专业临床沟通能力处于中等水平,均有待进一步提高,同时,提高护生一般自我效能有助于提高护生护理专业临床沟通能力,护理教育者应采取有效的干预措施以提高护生自我效感水平,进而提高护生的临床综合核心能力。

Abstract: Objective: To investigate nursing students’ self-efficacy in Xinjiang area as well as the status level of clinical communication ability of nursing students, and to analyze the relationship between the general self-efficacy and clinical communication ability of nursing professional students. Methods: Using the general condition questionnaire, general self-efficacy scale and clinical communication ability of nursing professional students scale, 194 nursing students were surveyed. The relationship between general self-efficacy scale and clinical communication ability of nursing students was also explored by using regression analysis. Results: The interns’ general self-efficacy score was 2.71 + 0.57, lower than the adult norm, of which the minority nursing students’ self-efficacy scored higher than the nursing students of Han nationality (P < 0.05); boys’ self-efficacy was higher than girls’ (P < 0.05); nursing students’ professional communication ability score was 84.62 + 14.15, which is in the medium level; there is a positive correlation between nursing students’ general self-efficacy and clinical communication skills by using Pearson correlation analysis (r = 0.327, P < 0.01). Conclusion: The interns’ self-efficacy is lower than the norm, which is above the medium level, and the clinical communication ability of nursing students is in the medium level; all need to be further improved. At the same time, improving nursing students’ general self-effi- cacy helps to improve nursing students’ professional clinical communication ability; nursing educators should take effective intervention measures to improve the level of nursing students’ self- efficacy, so as to improve clinical comprehensive core competence of nursing students.

文章引用: 苏建萍 , 程晓萍 , 马梅 , 张翠萍 (2016) 新疆地区实习护生自我效能感与护生护理专业临床沟通能力的关系研究。 教育进展, 6, 45-51. doi: 10.12677/AE.2016.62008

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