The Research on the Value Choice of Chinese Social Security—Based on the Theory of Fairness and Efficiency
作者: 王宇超 ：吉林大学哲学社会学院，吉林 长春;
Abstract: Throughout the course of development of the modern social security, it is not difficult to find that social security just emphasizes economic efficiency at the beginning and it is regarded as a tool to maintain the ruling class. With the growing awareness of fairness, to maintain a fair degree of con-tinuous improvement, social security became a burden of the social economy. Then government began to cut social welfare and enhance the efficiency. This process is always accompanied by the value selection of the equity and efficiency. On the understanding of the relationship between fairness and efficiency, there are three points. Firstly, fairness and efficiency are mutually contra-dictory, and they cannot be achieved at the same time; any part’s enhancing will lead to the other enhanced weakening. Secondly, fairness and efficiency are unified. There is no fundamental con-tradiction, because it helps to improve efficiency to achieve fairness, and efficiency provides the material basis of fairness. They are in a state of dynamic equilibrium, and the specific social back-ground decides which priority is. Lastly, fairness and efficiency are the ends of the scale. You must try the two, and it is unfair to trend to anyone. The author believes that in the rise of society, the scope of the second view is more widely applicable. From the historicist perspective, this article analyzed the inequities of the development process of Chinese social security which were based on economic efficiency, providing evidence of experience for exploring the relationship between fairness and efficiency, and thus making it clearing that fairness and efficiency are equal but de-viated sometimes to adapt to the social reality which is the ideal value choice of social security; at last providing theory supports and thinking paradigm to solve the social security problems and improving the system of social security.
文章引用: 王宇超 (2016) 中国社会保障制度的价值理念研究—基于公平与效率的理论视角。 社会科学前沿， 5， 15-21. doi: 10.12677/ASS.2016.51003
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