The Research Progress of Depressed Individual Cognitive Biases—Based on the Perspective of Self-Reference Processing

作者: 王 建 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 抑郁个体认知偏差自我参照加工负性偏见Depressed Individuals Cognitive Biases Self-Reference Processing Negative Bias


Abstract: Individuals who are depressed often exhibit a negativity bias in self-referential processing. In the current article, we have reviewed the research methods, theoretical issues, and the neural me-chanism of negative self-referential processing in depressed people. The research methods include the self-referential processing task, autobiographical memory retrieval paradigm, and the R/K paradigm of self-referential effect. For theoretical issues, self-schema theory, cognitive theory, semantic network modal of emotional memory, and the arousal level theory were reviewed. The event related brain potentials and fMRI studies of the neural mechanism of self-referential processing with those depressive patients were also included. Finally, the future research direction was discussed.

文章引用: 王 建 (2016) 抑郁个体认知偏差的研究进展—基于自我参照加工视角。 心理学进展, 6, 169-180. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.62021


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