武汉市城区生活垃圾收集处理现状调查
The Investigation of Domestic Waste Collection and Treatment in the Urban Zone of Wuhan

作者: 王思梦 , 易成豪 :湖北大学,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 城市生活垃圾无害化处理卫生填埋焚烧水泥窑协同处理Urban Domestic Waste The Non-Hazardous Disposal Sanitary Landfill Incineration Cement Kiln Disposal in Coordination

摘要:
作为特大城市和第四届“全国文明城市”,武汉市如何更有效快速地实现生活垃圾资源化、无害化、减量化已成为城市发展中亟待解决的问题。本文从武汉市城区生活垃圾产量、环卫情况、垃圾处理处置现状、垃圾处理现有项目等方面入笔,综述了武汉市生活垃圾的收运处理情况,整理了目前已建和在建的垃圾焚烧、垃圾卫生填埋、垃圾水泥窑协同处理项目。分析发现,武汉市生活垃圾年增长率为14.7%,在“五焚烧,两填埋,一综合”的垃圾处理布局下,垃圾焚烧率高达95%,垃圾无害化处理率达到100%。基于武汉市发展的特色与趋势,浅析其中存在的问题,并提出相应的解决对策。

Abstract: As a megacity, Wuhan, has been named the fourth “national civilized city”. How to effectively and quickly achieve the goal of domestic waste recycling, hazard-free use and quantity reduction has become the urgent problem to be solved in the future of Wuhan. Based on the domestic waste output, the sanitation situation, the situation of garbage disposal and garbage disposal projects, this paper summarizes the status of domestic waste collector and garbage treatment in the urban zone of Wuhan. Constructed or under construction projects, such as waste incineration, hygienic sanitary landfill, waste cement kiln disposal in coordination are compiled. It has been found by analysis that annual growth rate of urban domestic waste in Wuhan is about 14.7%. The structure of waste treatment is “five incinerations, two landfills, a comprehensive treatment”, by which, the rate of incineration has reached up to 95%, and the hazard-free treatment rate of waste has reached 100%. Besides, this paper analyzes the existing problems and puts forward some corresponding solutions by taking the characteristics and trends of the development of Wuhan into consideration.

文章引用: 王思梦 , 易成豪 (2016) 武汉市城区生活垃圾收集处理现状调查。 可持续发展, 6, 46-54. doi: 10.12677/SD.2016.61006

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