景德镇市行业用水演变及其驱动力分析
Analysis of Change and Its Driving Force of Water Use in Various Industries in Jingdezhen City

作者: 赵 雨 , 魏树强 :江西省景德镇市水文局,江西 景德镇; 韦 丽 :江西省水文局,江西 南昌; 胡 婷 :江西省景德镇市水文局组织人事科,江西 景德镇;

关键词: 行业用水演变驱动力分析景德镇市Water Use in Various Industries Change Driving Force Analysis Jingdezhen City

摘要:
根据2003年至2014年景德镇市农业、工业、生活、生态环境等行业的用水量资料,分析景德镇市近12年来行业用水的变化发展,结合SPSS统计软件对引起行业用水变化的主要驱动力因子进行分析和说明。结果表明:景德镇市的水资源利用以农业用水为主,占用水总量的50.6%,工业用水占用水总量的34.5%,比重相对较大,生活用水和生态环境用水所占用水总量的比重较小,分别为13.9%和1.0%;景德镇市用水总量基本稳定,无整体上升或下降趋势,农业用水量及其所占用水总量的比重呈现整体上升的趋势,工业用水量及其所占用水总量的比重呈现出先上升而后下降的趋势,生活用水量及其所占用水总量的比重近10年来呈现逐年攀升的趋势,生态环境用水量及其所占用水总量的比重呈现略微上升的态势;因子分析的结果显示人口因素、经济发展因素和农田灌溉因素是景德镇市行业用水演变的主要驱动力。

Abstract: According to the agricultural, industrial, life, public and ecological environment water use data of Jing-dezhen city from 2003 to 2014, the paper analyzes the change of water use in various industries in Jing-dezhen city during the last 12 years, and analyzes and explains the main driving factors of the develop-ment of water use in various industries by using SPSS statistical software. The results show that the water resources utilization in Jingdezhen city is mainly agricultural water use, which accounts for 50.6% of the total amount; the proportion of industrial water use is relatively larger, which accounts for 34.5% of the total amount; the proportion of water used for life, public and ecological environment is small, which accounts for 13.9% and 1.0% of the total amount. The total amount of water use in Jingdezhen is basically stable, and there is no overall rise or fall, agricultural water use, water use of the ecological environment are showing an overall upward trend and the proportion of total water use in agriculture and ecological environment is also increasing; industrial water use and its proportion of the total water use showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing trend; water use for life and public and their proportion of the total water use in the past 10 years has been rising year by year. Factor analysis results show that the main driving force of the development of water use in various industries in Jingdezhen city is the population, economic development and farmland irrigation.

文章引用: 赵 雨 , 韦 丽 , 胡 婷 , 魏树强 (2016) 景德镇市行业用水演变及其驱动力分析。 水资源研究, 5, 94-99. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2016.51012

参考文献

[1] 张秉文. 承德市用水结构变化特征分析[J]. 水利科技与经济, 2015, 21(3): 64-68. ZHANG Bingwen. Analysis on the characteristics of water consumption structure changes in Chengde City. Water Conservancy Science and Technology and Economy, 2015, 21(3): 64-68. (in Chinese)

[2] 吴普特, 冯浩, 牛文全, 等. 中国用水结构发展态势与节水对策分析[J]. 农业工程学报, 2003, 19(1): 1-6. WU Pute, FENG Hao, NIU Wenquan, et al. Analysis of developmental tendency of water distribution and water-saving strategies. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2003, 19(1): 1-6. (in Chinese)

[3] 苏龙强, 陈兴伟, 徐宗学, 等. 福建省用水结沟与产业结构回归分析[J]. 水资源研究, 2012, 1(3): 153-159. SU Longqiang, CHEN Xingwei, XU Zongxue, et al. Regression analysis on relationship between water consumption structure and industrial structure in Fujian Province. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2012, 1(3): 153-159. (in Chinese)

[4] 杨维忠, 张甜. SPSS统计分析与行业应用案例详解[M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2011: 169-177. YANG Weizhong, ZHANG Tian. Detailed explanation of SPSS statistical analysis and application case. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2011: 169-177. (in Chinese)

[5] 马黎华, 康绍忠, 粟晓玲. 西北干旱内陆区石羊河流域用水结构演变及其驱动力分析[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2008, 26(1): 125-130. MA Lihua, KANG Shaozhong, SU Xiaoling. Study on evolution and its driving forces of water utilization structure of Shiyang River Basin in Northwest arid areas. Agricultural Research in Arid Areas, 2008, 26(1): 125-130. (in Chinese)

[6] 高杨. 淮南市用水结构变化及驱动力分析[J]. 长春师范大学学报, 2015, 34(4): 51-55. GAO Yang. Analysis of change and its driving force of water consumption structure in Huainan City. Journal of Changchun Normal University, 2015, 34(4): 51-55. (in Chinese)

[7] 顾鹤南, 王建平. 青岛近20a用水结构变化及其驱动力研究[J]. 人民黄河, 2012, 34(9): 55-56, 60. GU Henan, WANG Jianping. Structure evolvement and driving forces of water consumed in Qingdao in the past 20 years. Yellow River, 2012, 34(9): 55-56, 60. (in Chinese)

[8] 尚毅梓, 赵勇, 石红旺, 等. 天津市行业用水变化与归因分析[J]. 南水北调与水利科技, 2015, 13(1): 154-157, 192. SHANG Yizi, ZHAO Yong, SHI Hongwang, et al. Analysis of water use trend and its impact factors in Tianjin. South-to-North Water Transfers and Water Science & Technology, 2015, 13(1): 154-157, 192. (in Chinese)

分享
Top