流域水文水资源与社会耦合系统研究进展与评价
Review and Assessment of Interaction between Watershed Hydrology and Society System

作者: 郭生练 , 许崇育 , 陈 华 , 刘德地 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 变化环境降雨径流水文响应水资源配置水文与社会耦合系统Changing Environment Rainfall-Runoff Hydrological Response Water Resources Allocation Interaction between Hydrology and Society

摘要:
国际水文科学协会Panta Rhei (2013~2022)科学计划主题是变化中的水文与社会。本文综述国内外变化环境下的非稳定降雨径流关系识别、水文参数的时空变异特性、基于时变产汇流机理的分布式水文模型、变化环境下的水文响应过程、基于水联网技术的水资源优化配置和水文与社会耦合系统的概念模型等方面的研究进展,指出存在的问题和不足,建议开展流域水文水资源与社会耦合系统研究的内容和科学目标,提高我国水文学及水资源学科的水平和国际影响力,为国际水文科学计划顺利实施做出应有的贡献。

Abstract: The “Panta Rhei” scientific plan (2013-2022) proposed by IAHS is “Change in Hydrology and Society”. The non-stationary rainfall-runoff relationship and its identification methods under changing environment, spatial and temporal variation rule of hydrology parameters, distributed hydrological model based on time-dependent runoff yield and confluence, hydrological process response in a changing environment, optimal water resources allocation model based on the internet of water, and conceptual model of hy-drology and society coupling systems are reviewed, and the existing problems and limitations are pointed out. The main research contents and scientific goals of interaction between hydrology and society are proposed. It will be a great contribution to the IAHS scientific plan and lift up the academic level and international influence of Chinese hydrologiests by the successful implementation of this study.

文章引用: 郭生练 , 许崇育 , 陈 华 , 刘德地 (2016) 流域水文水资源与社会耦合系统研究进展与评价。 水资源研究, 5, 1-15. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2016.51001

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