替代电镀硬铬应首选纳米热喷涂技术
Nano Thermal Spraying Should Be Preferred to Replace Chrome Electroplating

作者: 王 铀 , 刘赛月 :哈尔滨工业大学材料科学系,黑龙江 哈尔滨; 李学伟 :黑龙江科技大学材料科学与工程学院,黑龙江 哈尔滨;

关键词: 电镀硬铬污染治理纳米热喷涂纳米改性稀土改性Electroplating Pollution Abatement Nano Thermal Spray Nano Modification Rare Earth Modification

摘要:
本文从电镀污染的危害和电镀污染治理谈起,通过与电镀硬铬层的性能、生产工艺和成本对比,简要说明了替代电镀的绿色无污染的热喷涂技术的优越性。最后,作者根据新近的研究结果,指出材料纳米或稀土改性技术与纳米热喷涂技术相结合,一定会造就出各方面性能都大大超越电镀硬铬层的纳米热喷涂涂层。

Abstract: This research describes the priority of thermal spray technology, with no pollution, which has replaced electroplating, with a poor performance, a high cost and a complicated production process. At the end, the author pointed out that combining thermal spray technology with nano and rare earth modification technique, thermal spray coatings, with a much more superior performance than electroplating could be prepared in the near future.

文章引用: 王 铀 , 刘赛月 , 李学伟 (2016) 替代电镀硬铬应首选纳米热喷涂技术。 纳米技术, 6, 1-8. doi: 10.12677/NAT.2016.61001

参考文献

[1] “小电镀”肆虐冰城——探讨哈尔滨电镀市场的未来走向[EB/OL]. http://heilongjiang.dbw.cn

[2] 呼涛. 哈尔滨“黑电镀”每日偷排上千吨[N]. 2005-9-5(7).

[3] 哈尔滨投10亿元建表面处理生态工业园实现80%中水回用[EB/OL]. 中国污水处理工程网, 2011.

[4] http://www.zgkjcx.com/Article/ShowArticle.asp.ArticleID=3878

[5] 周克崧. 热喷涂技术替代电镀硬铬的研究进展[J]. 中国有色金属学报, 2005(14): 182-191.

[6] 郑毅, 郑卫刚. 一种电镀硬铬镀层的替代技术——超音速火焰喷涂碳化钨涂层[J]. 金属材料与冶金工程, 2013, 41(3): 36-39.

[7] Barletta, M., Bolelli, G., Bonferroni, B., et al. (2010) Wear and Corrosion Behavior of HVOF-Sprayed WC-CoCr Coatings on Al Alloys. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 19, 358-367.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11666-009-9387-1

[8] 王铀, 杨勇. 热喷涂纳米结构涂层的研究进展及在外军舰艇上的应用[J]. 中国表面工程, 2008, 21(1): 6-15.

[9] Wang, Y., Jiang, S., Wang, M.D., et al. (2000) Abrasive Wear Characteristics of Plasma Sprayed Nanostructured Alumina/Titania Coatings. Wear, 237, 176-185.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(99)00323-3

[10] 周红霞, 彭飞, 王振强, 王铀. 纳米稀土改性热喷涂WC/12Co涂层的摩擦磨损性能研究[J]. 热处理技术与装备, 30(1): 8-12.

[11] Wang, Y., Yang, Y., et al. (2007) Thermal Sprayed Tungsten Carbide-Cobalt Coatings and Their Mechanical Properties. Rare Metals, 26, 280-285.

[12] 吴燕明, 赵坚, 陈小明, 杨潇, 毛鹏展, 赵鹏. 超音速喷涂纳米GC复合涂层与电镀铬层的组织及性能[J]. 材料热处理学报, 2015(36): 171-176.

[13] Liu, Y., Gou, G.Q., Wang, X.M., Jia, Q., Chen, H. and Tu, M.J. (2014) Effects of Rare Earth Elements on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of HVOF-Sprayed WC-Co Coatings. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 23, 1225-1232.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11666-014-0072-7

[14] 周红霞, 王亮, 彭飞, 王铀. 纳米稀土对热喷涂WC-12Co涂层的改性作用[J]. 材料热处理学报, 2009, 30(2): 162- 166.

分享
Top