直驱永磁同步风力发电机组变桨控制仿真
Simulation of Variable-Pitch Control for Direct Drive Permanent Magnet Synchronous Wind Turbine

作者: 陈雪松 :国家电网四川洪雅供电有限责任公司,四川 眉山; 何 豪 :西南石油大学电气信息学院,四川 成都;

关键词: 风力发电变桨风力机模糊PID控制Wind Power Generation Variable-Pitch Wind Turbine Fuzzy PID Control

摘要:
当风力机运行在高风速区域时,捕获的风能超过了发电机组额定运行范围,因此,本文采用调节桨距角的方式维持发电机功率输出在额定值附近。首先介绍了变桨型风力机的特点和结构;接着针对风力发电系统非线性强的特点,提出采用模糊控制的策略实现桨距角的变换。通过分析模糊控制原理,设计自优化模糊PID控制器,并建立变桨控制仿真模型,完成与传统PID调节的对比分析。

Abstract: When the wind turbines work in the high speed region, they capture more wind energy than ge-nerating units rated operating range. Therefore, in this paper, the way of adjusting the pitch angle was used to maintain generator power output in the vicinity of the rating. First of all, the paper introduces the characteristics and structure of variable-pitch wind turbine; then according to the strong nonlinear characteristics of wind power generation system, the fuzzy control strategy to realize the transformation of the pitch was proposed. By analyzing the principle of fuzzy control, the self-optimizing fuzzy PID controller is designed, and the simulation model of variable pitch control is established. And the comparison of the traditional PID regulation is accomplished.

文章引用: 陈雪松 , 何 豪 (2015) 直驱永磁同步风力发电机组变桨控制仿真。 电气工程, 3, 173-178. doi: 10.12677/JEE.2015.34022

参考文献

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