评托马斯•阿奎那对上帝存在的五路证明
Evaluation of Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways to Prove the Existence of God

作者: 张莉 :南京师范大学公共管理学院,江苏 南京;

关键词: 托马斯&bull阿奎那上帝存在五路证明Thomas Aquinas The Existence of God The Five Ways

摘要:
托马斯•阿奎那是欧洲中世纪著名哲学家和神学家,由他提出的上帝存在的五路证明在世界范围内至今颇有影响。本文逐一考察了他的五路证明,认为他的每一个证明的前提中都至少包含一个假命题,因此至少都不是有说服力的论证;同时认为,从寻求最佳解释的推理的角度来说,上帝存在也未必是对托马斯所断言的诸现象的最佳解释。

Abstract: Thomas Aquinas is regarded as the greatest philosopher and theologian of scholasticism, who has put up the Five Ways to defend for the existence of God. The Five Ways are influential in philosophy of religion to this day. A detailed examination of these arguments is carried out in this paper. Its result shows that every argument of the Five Ways contains at least one false proposition as their premise, therefore none of them is cogent. It also argues that the existence of God is not a good explanation for observed phenomenon mentioned by Thomas’ argumentation.

文章引用: 张莉 (2015) 评托马斯•阿奎那对上帝存在的五路证明。 哲学进展, 4, 68-73. doi: 10.12677/ACPP.2015.44012

参考文献

[1] St. Thomas Aquinas (1981) Summa Theologica, Christian Classics, Incorporated [Imprint] Ave Maria Press.

[2] 圣多玛斯•阿奎那. 周克勤, 高旭东, 等, 译. 神学大全. 第一册. 论天主一体三位[M]. 台湾: 中华道明会/碧岳学社, 2008.

[3] W. V. 蒯因. 论道德价值的性质[C]//W. V. 蒯因. 蒯因著作集. 第6卷. 理论与事物. 涂纪亮, 译. 北京: 中国人民大学出版社, 2007: 58.

[4] Philosophy of Religion (2015) The Teleological Argument. http://www.philosophyofreligion.info/theistic-proofs/the-teleological-argument/

[5] Philosophy of Religion (2015) The Argument from Analogy. http://www.philosophyofreligion.info/theistic-proofs/the-teleological-argument/the-argument-from-analogy/

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