青海藏区不同群体主观幸福感研究
Subjective Well-Being Research to Different Groups in Qinghai Tibetan Areas

作者: 张 军 :青海民族大学政治学院,青海 西宁;

关键词: 青海藏区不同民族主观幸福感Qinghai Tibetan Areas Different Groups Subjective Well-Being

摘要:
采用《总体幸福感量表中国版(GWB)》测验,随机选取了玉树、海西、黄南和西宁四个地区的藏族、穆斯林、汉族开展问卷调查,有效问卷1271份。结果显示:1) 青海地区的藏族、穆斯林群体和汉族的幸福感指数都在正常范围,人们对生活总体上是满意的,地区经济、社会发展为各族群众提供了较好的生存条件和物质基础。2) 从地域与民族来看,藏族得分最高,为81.55 ± 10.48,汉族为80.54 ± 12.46,穆斯林群体得分为77.56 ± 10.93。结论:从幸福感指数的民族差别和地域差别,可以清晰反映出藏族同胞的生活方式并不受地区条件和物质生活水平的影响,生活条件的变化不会改变他们对生活的感受,自身精神世界的富足是他们对幸福的主要内容,而这又与其宗教、生活合二为一的特有体系有着直接联系。

Abstract: GBW scale is carried out by randomly selecting 1271 people of Tibetan, Muslim and Han from the four areas in Yushu, Huangnan, Haixi and Xining. Results show that: 1) Happiness index of Tibetan, Muslim groups and the Han is in the normal range; people’s life is satisfactory; economic and social development provide better living conditions and material basis. 2) Tibetan get highest score; it is 81.55 ± 10.48; the Han is 80.54 ± 12.46; Muslim groups is 77.56 ± 10.93. Conclusion: The happiness index of ethnic differences and regional differences shows that the Tibetan is not influenced by regional conditions and material standard of living; the change of living conditions can not change their feeling of life; spiritual world is the main content of the happiness; it is a direct link to unity of religion and life.

文章引用: 张 军 (2015) 青海藏区不同群体主观幸福感研究。 社会科学前沿, 4, 235-240. doi: 10.12677/ASS.2015.44035

参考文献

[1] http://www.wenkudaquan.com/doc/20121107/895802.html

[2] 青海省统计年2012 [M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社.

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