An Empirical Study on the Influence of Field-Independence/Dependence of Cognitive Styles on Foreign Language Acquisition
Abstract: In recent years, linguists have made some achievements in the study on the relationship between cognitive style and foreign language learning, but relatively few empirical studies have been con-ducted and have produced inconsistent results. Based on the analysis of the quantitative and qua-litative data, the present study investigates college students’ preference for field independence/ blend/dependence cognitive style, explores the correlation between cognitive style and foreign language achievement, and examines the differences among students of different majors. The result shows that correlation exists between field independence/blend cognitive style and foreign language achievement, the correlation is more obvious in students majoring in science than those majoring in humanities. Teachers are supposed to focus on students’ different cognitive styles, make teaching plans according to students’ own features, train and help students to exploit their own advantages in cognitive style to the full so as to enhance their abilities in foreign language learning.
文章引用: 张 倩 , 王婷婷 (2015) 场独立/依存型认知风格对外语学习影响的实证性研究。 现代语言学， 3， 169-175. doi: 10.12677/ML.2015.34022
 谭顶良. 学习风格论[M]. 南京: 江苏教育出版社, 1995: 9.
 Witkin, H.A. (1977) Field-Dependent and Field-Independent Styles and Their Educational Implications. Review of Educational Implications, 47, 1-46.
 Roberts, C. and Chapelle, C. (1986) Ambiguity Tolerance and Field Independence as Predictors of Proficiency in English as a Second Language. Language Learning, 36, 27-45.
Hansen, J. and Stansfield, C. (1981) The Relationship of Field Dependent-Independent Cognitive Styles to Foreign Language Achievement. Language Learning, 31, 349-367.
 Naiman, N. and Frohlich (1978) The Good Language Learner. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto, 221- 242.
 Brown, D. (1987) Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 84-90.
 秦晓晴. 第二语言习得中认知方式研究的现状[J]. 外语教学与研究, 1997(2): 40-44.
 王立非. 认知风格研究及其对外语教学的启示[J]. 山东外语教学, 1998(4): 65-69.
 朱中都. 场独立与场依赖性风格对外语学习的影响[J]. 外语与外语教学, 2002(4): 28-31.
 吴一安, 刘润清. 中国英语本科学生素质调查报告[J]. 外语教学与研究, 1993(1): 36-45.
 戴运财. 场独立/依靠的认知方式和第二语言习得[J]. 外语教学与研究, 2002(3): 203-208.
 王琦. 多媒体课堂中外语学习认知风格研究[J]. 外语界, 2005(1): 28-31.
 张厚粲, 孟庆茂, 郑日昌.关于认知方式的实验研究——场依存性特征对学习和图形后效的影响[J]. 心理学报, 1981(3): 300-303.