高一新生应对方式特点研究
A Research on the Characteristics of Coping Style among High School Students

作者: 吴荔荔 , 刘涛生 :第二军医大学精神与卫生学系精神医学教研室,上海;

关键词: 高中生应对方式心理健康High School Students Coping Style Mental Health

摘要:
目的:了解高一新生应对方式特点。方法:采用黄希庭等人编写的《中学生应对方式问卷》考察高一新生的应对方式特点。结果:高一新生的六种应对方式使用存在差异。面对压力时,高一学生通常采用的应对方式依次是问题解决、忍耐、退避、求助、发泄、幻想;高一学生在发泄维度上存在显著的性别差异;不同家庭结构的高一学生在六种应对方式上均无显著差异;实验班学生和平行班学生在求助维度上存在显著差异,其他维度上差异不显著。结论:高一新生应对方式总体偏好,但仍有一些问题需要关注。

Abstract: Object: To explore the characteristics of coping style among high school students. Methods: Coping strategy questionnaire for middle school students, mainly compiled by Huang Xiting, was used to investigate the features of senior high students’ coping strategies. Results: When facing stress, they use different coping strategies. The coping strategies they usually adopt are problem solving, endurance, retreat, recourse, abreaction and fantasy, which are put in such a kind of order; signif-icant gender differences are found in abreaction coping strategies among the students; no signifi-cant difference in coping strategies can be found among the students, whose family structures are different; significant gender differences are found in recourse coping strategies between the stu-dents in experimental class and those in the ordinary-student class. Conclusion: The results of coping strategy for high school students are generally good, but there are still some problems needing to pay attention to.

文章引用: 吴荔荔 , 刘涛生 (2015) 高一新生应对方式特点研究。 心理学进展, 5, 620-625. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.511080

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