Study on Performance and Emission of a Port-Fuel Injected SI Engine Fueled with Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE)

作者: 王维强 , 高 欣 , 丁 攀 :武汉科技大学汽车与交通工程学院,湖北 武汉;

关键词: ABE汽油混合燃料火花点燃发动机进气道喷射ABE Gasoline Fuel Blends Spark Ignition Engine Port-Fuel Injection

ABE (丙酮-丁醇-乙醇,Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol,ABE)是发酵生成丁醇过程中的中间产物,来源广泛,价格低廉。本研究的目的是揭示ABE燃料在火花点燃发动机中的燃烧特性,并且希望证实它有潜力成为内燃机中替代燃料。丙酮,正丁醇和乙醇以3:6:1的体积比混合,然后与无酒精汽油以不同比例混合成不同的燃料。这些混合燃料在一台进气道喷射式汽油机上进行测试,它们的性能通过测量其气缸压力以及排放物的含量来进行评价。随着ABE成分的增加,有效燃油消耗率会有所增加,但NOx排放减少。若只使用ABE燃料,NOx排放可以几乎为零。

Abstract: ABE (Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol, ABE) fermentation is one of the major methods to produce bio- butanol. The goal of this study is to investigate the combustion characteristics of the intermediate product in the production of butanol, namely ABE in a spark-ignited engine and hence to make an attempt to affirm its potential used as an alternative fuel for ICEs. Acetone, n-butanol and ethanol were blended in a 3:6:1 volume ratio and then blended with pure ethanol-free gasoline with dif-ferent ratios to create various fuel blends. These blends were tested in a port-fuel injected spark ignited engine and their performance was evaluated through measurements of in-cylinder pressure, and various exhaust emissions. ABE is combusted faster than gasoline and n-butanol due to its higher laminar flame speed. Brake Special Fuel Consumption (BSFC) was seen to increase and NOx was seen to decrease with ABE fraction increasing, with pure ABE achieving near-zero NOx.

文章引用: 王维强 , 高 欣 , 丁 攀 (2015) ABE燃料在气道喷射汽油机中的性能与排放特性的研究。 电力与能源进展, 3, 172-180. doi: 10.12677/AEPE.2015.35024


[1] 覃军, 刘海峰, 尧命发, 等 (2007) 生物含氧燃料成分对柴油机性能影响的试验研究. 内燃机学报, 3, 381 .

[2] Kumar, S., Cho, J.H., Park, J. and Moon, I. (2013) Advances in diesel-alcohol blends and their effects on the performance and emissions of diesel engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 22, 46-72.

[3] Kumar, M., Goyal, Y., Sarkar, A. and Gayen, K. (2012) Com-parative economic assessment of ABE fermentation based on cellulosic and non-cellulosic feedstocks. Applied Energy, 93, 193-204.

[4] Rajasekar, E., Murugesan, A., Subramanian, R. and Ne-dunchezhian, N. (2010) Review of NOx reduction technologies in CI engines fuelled with oxygenated biomass fuels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 2113-2121.

[5] 庄幸, 姜克隽 (2008) 生物燃料在我国公路交通中替代油品潜力分析. 国家发改委能源研究所报告, 北京.

[6] 刘娅, 刘宏娟, 张建安, 等 (2008) 新型生物燃料——丁醇的研究进展. 现代化工, 28, 28-3l.

[7] 杨小龙, 杨靖, 林铁平 (2010) 丁醇汽油对发动机性能影响的实验研究. 湖南大学学报(自然科学版), 37, 32-35.

[8] Williams, J. and Goodfellow, C. (2009) Impact of butanol and other bio-components on the thermal efficiency of prototype and conventional engines. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1908.

[9] Chang, Y.-C., Lee, W.-J., Lin, S.-L. and Wang, L.-C. (2013) Green energy: Water containing acetone-butanol-ethanol diesel blends fueled in diesel engines. Applied Energy, 109, 182-191.

[10] Cairns, A., Stansfield, P., Fraser, N., Blaxill, H., Gold, M., Rogerson, J., et al. (2009) A study of gasoline-alcohol blended fuels in an advanced turbocharged DISI engine. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-0138.