巴西油藤的种质特性及其在云南元江干热河谷引种的生产性能
Germplasm Characteristics of Plukenetia volubilis var. brazilian and Its Productive erformance after Introduction into Yuanjiang Dry-Hot Valley of Yunnan, China

作者: 杨成源 * , 徐增富 :热带植物资源可持续利用重点实验室,中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园,云南 西双版纳; 路卫华 :中国林业科学研究院资源昆虫研究所,云南 昆明; 温琼文 :云南省元江县林业科技推广管理工作站,云南 元江县; 龙云峰 :云南省科学技术厅,云南 昆明;

关键词: 巴西油藤种质特性干热河谷引种生产性能Plukenetia volubilis var. brazilian (PVB) Germplasm Characteristics Dry-Hot Valley Introduction Test Productive Performance

摘要: 随着现代计算机科学技术的不断发展,labview图形编程自2011年以来,元江干热河谷进行了巴西油藤的引种试验。试验结果表明,与先前西双版纳引进的秘鲁油藤(Plukenetia volubilis cv. peruvian, PVP)比较,巴西油藤(Plukenetia volubilis var. brazilian, PVB)有较强的适应性和较高的生产潜力。二者相比,巴西油藤(PVB)对元江干热河谷具有比较好的适应性和生物学特异性。其特异性表现为不易染病,雌花花柱比较短,种籽粒小、皮薄,种子含油率为35.4%,高于秘鲁油藤(34.1%) 1.4个百分点;通过机械压榨,种子油的得率为30%。小区试验3年生时种子亩产量为88.5 kg,折合每公顷1327.5 kg/ha,可产精油367.1 kg/ha。从这些数据来看,巴西油藤在云南干热河谷区生物产业发展中有良好的应用前景。

Abstract: Since 2011, an introduction test of Plukenetia volubilis var. brazilian (PVB) has been carried out in arid-hot valley of Yuanjiang, Yunnan. The results showed that compared with Plukenetia volubilis var. peruvian (PVP) introduced in Xishuangbanna previously, PVB has a strong adaptability and high production performance. Its advantages lie in not infected, style short, thin shell, small grain, high rates of seed oil. According to determination, PVB seed oil content (35.4%) was slightly higher than PVP (34.1%), and obtained seed oil content of 30% by mechanical pressing and on small field test, seed yield reached 1327.5 kg/ha and oil yield of 367.1 kg/ha at 3-year-old growth. It is suggested that PVB has a good perspective for bio-industry development in the dry-hot valley of Yunnan.

文章引用: 杨成源 , 路卫华 , 温琼文 , 徐增富 , 龙云峰 (2015) 巴西油藤的种质特性及其在云南元江干热河谷引种的生产性能。 植物学研究, 4, 85-96. doi: 10.12677/BR.2015.45011

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