人类社会行为的疾病回避功能述评
Review on the Disease-Avoidance Function of Human Social Behaviors

作者: 杨 爽 , 李 郴 , 吴 奇 :湖南师范大学教育科学学院心理系,认知与人类行为湖南省重点实验室,湖南 长沙;

关键词: 疾病威胁进化行为免疫系统威胁回避社会服从Disease Threat Evolution Behavior Immune System Threat Avoidance Social Conformity

摘要:
面对进化历程中疾病提出的生存威胁,人类进化出了行为免疫系统以抵御疾病的传播。本文首先对行为免疫系统的基本功能特征进行了总结,在此基础上,进一步阐述了行为免疫系统对社会行为的影响。已有的研究显示,行为免疫系统主要从两个层面——回避疾病威胁和服从社会规范对社会行为产生影响,分别表现为:1) 行为免疫系统对异常身体特征偏见态度的影响;2) 对群际偏差的影响;3) 对从众行为的影响;以及4) 对集体主义文化的影响。最后,本文对行为免疫系统对社会行为影响研究的未来发展方向进行了展望。未来的研究应当更多地考虑到不同文化背景下行为免疫系统对社会行为的影响,以及进一步细分行为免疫系统在情绪上产生的效应。

Abstract: Facing the disease threat in the evolution history, humans evolved the behavior immune system to resist the spread of disease. On the basis of summarizing the basic function features of behavior immune system, the current article further elaborates the impacts the behavior immune system has on social behavior, which have been documented in existing literature from perspectives of disease threat avoidance and social norms conformity. The influence of behavior immune system on social behavior are respectively: 1) on the prejudice to abnormal physical features; 2) on group bias; 3) on conformity behavior and 4) on collectivism. The last part of the current article is the prospect of future developing of researches on the relationship between behavior immune system and social behavior. The future researches should take various cultural contexts into account and pay more attention to subdivide the emotion effect caused by behavior immune system.

文章引用: 杨 爽 , 李 郴 , 吴 奇 (2015) 人类社会行为的疾病回避功能述评。 心理学进展, 5, 593-603. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.510077

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