血蓝蛋白分子结构与生物学功能
Research Progress on Molecular Structure and Biological Functions of Hemocyanin

作者: 杜震环 , 井健 :北京师范大学生物化学系,北京;

关键词: 血蓝蛋白节肢动物软体动物分子结构生物学功能Hemocyanin Arthropoda Molluscan Molecular Structure Biological Functions

摘要: 血蓝蛋白是三大类呼吸功能都之一,目前仅发现存在于节肢动物门和软体动物门等少数动物类中。本文系统介绍了节肢动物门和软体动物门血蓝蛋白的分子结构特征,并基于血蓝蛋白的独特结构,详细阐述了动物体内迄今发现的有关血蓝蛋白的主要生物学功能特点,同时对当前针对血蓝蛋白研究过程中常用的技术与方法进行了介绍。通过以上内容,有助于深入认识血蓝蛋白这种独特的呼吸功能蛋白的研究现状,也有助于拓展对血蓝蛋白开发利用前景的认识。

Abstract: Hemocyanin is one of three main types of respiratory proteins and currently only occurs in minority animal groups including arthropoda and molluscan species, respectively. Here we summarized the distribution and structural characteristics of hemocyanin superfamily members existing in the arthropoda and molluscan species, and the major biological features ever found were also introduced in detail. Commonly used techniques and methods during the investigation and re-search for the hemocyanin were listed and explained here. The above helps to understand the re-search status of hemocyanin and expand the practical application of it.

文章引用: 杜震环 , 井健 (2015) 血蓝蛋白分子结构与生物学功能。 生物过程, 5, 30-37. doi: 10.12677/BP.2015.53005

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