秋刀鱼、鱿鱼兼作渔船集鱼灯选型及优化配置研究
Study on the Optimal Allocation and Selection of Fish Aggregation Lamps for Saury and Squid Vessel

作者: 谢立新 , 董治强 :上海船舶研究设计院,上海; 钱卫国 * , 王伟杰 , 叶 超 :上海海洋大学海洋科学学院,上海;

关键词: 秋刀鱼船集鱼灯优化配置Saury Fishing Vessel Fish Aggregation Lamp Optimal Allocation

摘要: 以国内设计的一艘总长77.5 m、型宽11.4 m的大型专业秋刀鱼渔船为目标渔船,综合考虑该渔船的发电机组配备,对该船的秋刀鱼集鱼灯系统和鱿鱼钓集鱼灯系统进行选型和配置。研究表明:对于秋刀鱼集鱼灯系统,主要使用的灯泡为日本生产的110 V 500 W型白炽灯,以红灯为主,部分灯箱使用白光和绿光,共配备133组灯,灯箱灯距为1.2 m,灯箱安装角度为55˚~70˚;对于鱿钓集鱼灯系统,主要使用的灯泡为日本生产的220 V 3 kW型金卤灯,光色为白色,共配备260个集鱼灯,两侧各130个均匀排列,相邻灯间距为0.52 m,集鱼灯安装高度为距离水面7.4 m。

Abstract: A domestic-designed professional saury fishing vessel, with 11.4 m beam and hull 77.50 m length, was selected as study objective. First, synthetically the configuration of vessel generating units was taken into consideration to select saury and squid fish aggregation lamps systems. Then, we do research on optimization allocation of the above systems. The results indicate that for saury fish aggregation lamps systems, main light source we selected is Japanese-made to the incandescent lamp (110 Voltage & 500 Watt). The main lamp color selected is red and rest consists of white and green. Vessel was equipped by 133 light boxes and the distance between each other is 1.2 meter. The angle between light box and shipboard is 55˚ - 70˚. For squid fish aggregation lamps systems, main light source we selected is Japanese-made to the Metal Halide Lamp (220 Voltage & 3 k Watt). The main lamp color selected is white. Vessel was equipped by 260 lamps (130 lamps each side) and the distance between each lamp was 0.52 meter. The light height is 7.4 meter above seawater.

文章引用: 谢立新 , 董治强 , 钱卫国 , 王伟杰 , 叶 超 (2015) 秋刀鱼、鱿鱼兼作渔船集鱼灯选型及优化配置研究。 水产研究, 2, 21-30. doi: 10.12677/OJFR.2015.23003

参考文献

[1] 孙满昌, 邹晓荣 (2014) 海洋渔业技术学. 中国农业出版社, 北京.

[2] 许巍, 朱清澄, 等 (2005) 西北太平洋秋刀鱼舷提网捕捞技术. 齐鲁渔业, 22, 43-45.

[3] 孙满昌 (2003) 西北太平洋秋刀鱼渔业探析. 海洋渔业, 25, 112-115.

[4] 黄洪亮, 等 (2005) 北太平洋公海秋刀鱼渔场初步分析. 海洋渔业, 27, 206-212.

[5] Tian, Y.J. (2004) Decadal variability in the abundance of Pacific saury and its response to climatic/oceanic regime shift in the northwestern subtropical Pacific during the last half century. Journal of Marine Systems, 52, 235-257.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.04.004

[6] Tian, Y.J., Akaine, T. and Suda, M. (2004) Modeling the influence of oceanic-climatic changes on the dynamics of Pacific saury in the northwestern Pacific using a life cycle model. Fisheries Oceanography, 13, 125-137.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2419.2004.00314.x

[7] Tian, Y.J. (2003) Variation in the abundance of Pacific saury (cololabis saira) from the northwestern Pacific in relation to oceanic-climate changes. Fisheries Research, 60, 439-454.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00143-1

[8] Watanabe, Y., Kurita, Y., Noto, M., et al. (2003) Growth and survival of Pacific saury in the Kuroshio-Oyshio transitional waters. Journal of Oceanography, 59, 403-414.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025532430674

[9] 沈建华 (2004) 西北太平洋秋刀鱼资源及其渔场. 海洋渔业, 26, 61-65.

[10] 张勋, 徐宝生, 郁岳峰, 等 (2005) 秋刀鱼舷提网设备的改装研究. 渔业现代化, 4, 42-43.

[11] 朱清澄, 花传祥, 许巍, 等 (2006) 西北太平洋公海7-9月秋刀鱼渔场分布及其与水温的关系. 海洋渔业, 28, 228-233.

[12] 许巍, 朱清澄, 张先存, 等 (2005) 西北太平洋公海进行秋刀鱼舷提网捕捞技术. 齐鲁渔业, 22, 43-45.

[13] 张勋, 郁岳峰, 黄洪亮 (2006) 秋刀鱼舷提网渔具设计的研究. 浙江海洋学院学报(自然版), 25, 40-45.

[14] 郁岳峰, 张勋, 黄洪亮 (2006) 秋刀鱼舷提网集鱼方法的研究. 浙江海洋学院学报(自然版), 25, 154-156.

[15] 钱卫国 (2005) 鱿钓渔业中集鱼灯的优化配置研究. 上海水产大学博士学位论文.

[16] 倪谷来 (1996) 我国鱿钓业中集鱼灯应用的现状. 上海水产大学学报, 5, 38-42.

[17] 上海海洋大学 (2010) 水上集鱼灯水下光场计算系统V1.0 (登记号: 2010SR042147). http://www.cajcd.edu.cn/pub/wml.html

分享
Top