腐朽虫蛀木构件的耐久性预测模型研究进展
Review of the Prediction Model for Durability of Structural Wood under Decay and Termite Attack

作者: 王小丽 * , 刘昊天 :武汉理工大学土木工程与建筑学院,湖北 武汉; 王雪亮 :武汉理工大学道路桥梁与结构工程湖北省重点试验室,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 腐朽预测模型虫蛀可靠度模型木构件Prediction Model under Decay Fungi Reliability Model under Termite Attack Structural Wood

摘要: 对木结构进行剩余寿命预测需要从材料层面考虑木材的腐朽、虫蛀、干缩裂缝和持续荷载对木材长期抗力的影响。木构件腐朽深度的增大和木材强度的降低是腐朽引起木材长期抗力降低的主要原因,构件中的虫洞数量和虫洞深度减小了构件的有效横截面积是虫蛀对木材长期抗力降低的主要影响。因此,本文从木材腐朽和虫蛀的角度,分析总结了木构件耐久性预测模型研究进展,包括地面木构件腐蚀随时间变化的模型,与土壤接触的地面木构件的腐朽模型,地下木桩的腐蚀模型和虫蛀的可靠度模型等。并在此基础上,指出腐朽机理的研究,考虑各种环境因素建立更加合理的腐朽规律和虫蛀规律是有待解决的关键问题。

Abstract: The mechanical properties of the structural wood are affected by its surrounding such as shrinkage cracks, decay fungi, termite attack and duration of load effect. It is necessary to study how these factors affect the resistance of the wood member during service life in order to predict the residual life of timber structure. Decay fungi induce the depth of decay increasing as time and the termite attack makes the wood have more pinholes. Both of them will greatly reduce the effective area of the wood member and meanwhile decay fungi decrease the strength properties in wood. In this paper the research development and achievement of the prediction model for durability of structural wood under decay and termite attack are reviewed in detail including decay model of in-ground timber, exposed timber in ground contact, above-ground exposed timber, protected timber and a reliability model under termite attack, and then it is concluded that it is the key problem and main future research to study on the mechanics of timber decay and to develop the quantitative prediction model under decay and termite attack considering various environmental factors.

文章引用: 王小丽 , 刘昊天 , 王雪亮 (2015) 腐朽虫蛀木构件的耐久性预测模型研究进展。 土木工程, 4, 207-214. doi: 10.12677/HJCE.2015.45026

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