The Research Progress of Hospital Trauma Score
Abstract: With the economical and technological development in the modern society, both the types of trauma and the number of people affected by trauma have been escalating. Since the 1970s, in or-der to better assess the traumatic condition so as to rescue the patients more effectively and timely, trauma scoring was developed in response to the demand for visualization of trauma for a more scientifically sound and efficient assessment of the severity and prognosis of trauma. After more than 30 years with the development of the field, various hospital-based trauma scoring systems have emerged and been used extensively in clinical practice and scientific research. However, these scoring systems have their own advantages and disadvantages. This paper provides an overview of several trauma scoring systems that are commonly used in hospitals, with the emphasis on their clinical application and significance.
文章引用: 颜 琦 , 李德溪 (2015) 院内创伤评分的研究进展。 临床医学进展， 5， 166-170. doi: 10.12677/ACM.2015.53026
 朱国雄, 杨春济 (2003) 现代国际创伤评分分类法. 实用医药杂志, 11, 869-871.
 美国机动车医学促进会(AAAM) (2005) 重庆市急救医疗中心, 编译. 简明损伤定级标准2005版. 重庆出版社, 重庆, 1-35.
(1971) Rating the severity of tissue damage: I. The Abbreviated Injury Scale. JAMA, 215, 277-280.
 Huelke, D.F. and States, J.D. (1975) The Abbreviated Injury Scale (1975 revision). Proceedings of American Association for Automotive Medicine Annual Conference, 19, 438-466.
 Joint Committee of AMA AS (1976) The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) 1976 revision. AAAM, Mor-ton Grove.
 兰秀夫, 王爱民 (2008) 创伤评分在伤情评估和风险预测中的研究进展. 创伤外科杂志, 4, 373-375.
 谭宗奎, 陈庄洪 (1996) 医院内创伤评分体系及国内应用现状. 中国实用外科杂志, 12, 760-762.
Baker, S.P., O’Neill B., Haddon, W. and Long, W.B. (1974) The injury severity score a method for de-scribing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 14, 187-196.
Rutledge, R. (1996) The injury severity score is unable to differentiate between poor care and severe injury. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 40, 944-950.
 Boyd, C.R., Tolson, M.A. and Cope, W.S. (1987) Evaluating trauma care: The TRISS method. Trauma score and the injury severity score. The Journal of Trauma, 24, 370-378
Champion, H.R., Copes, W.S., Sacco, W.J., Lawnick, M., Bain, L., Gann, D.S., et al. (1990) A new characterization of injury severity. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 30, 539.
 薄斌, 顾晓明, 周树夏 (2000) 颌面创伤严重度评价的改进. 实用口腔医学杂志, 3, 178.
Osler, T., Baker, S.P. and Long, W. (1997) A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 43, 922-925.
 Humsum, H. and Strada, G. (2002) Injury severity score versus new injury severity score for penetrating injuries. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 17, 27-32.
Zhao, X.G., Ma, Y.F., Zhang, M., Gan, J.-X., Xu, S.-W. and Jiang, G.-Y. (2008) Comparison of the new injury severity score and the injury severity score multiple tramua patients. Chinese Journal of Traumatology, 11, 368-371.
 Honarmand, A. and Safavi, M. (2008) The new injury severity score: A more accurate predictor of need ventilator and time ventilated in trama patients than the injury severity score. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, 14, 110-117.
Champion, H.R., Sacco, W.J., Carnazzo, A.J., Copes, W. and Fouty, W.J. (1981) Trauma score. Critical Care Medicine, 9, 672-676.
Knaus, W.A., Zimmerman, J.E., Wagner, D.P., Draper, E.A. and Lawrence, D.E. (1981) APACHE—Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation: A physiologyically based classification system. Critical Care Medicine, 9, 591-597.