燃油系统防冰剂对水在不同喷气燃料中溶解度影响研究
Research on the Influence of Fuel System Anti-Icing Agent on Water Solubility in Different Jet Fuels

作者: 陈 凯 , 向 海 :中国民用航空总局第二研究所,四川 成都; 孙 婷 :四川师范大学化学与材料科学学院,四川 成都 ;

关键词: 燃油系统防冰剂溶解度喷气燃料含合成烃喷气燃料Fuel System Anti-Icing Agent Solubility Jet Fuel Jet Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbon

摘要: 水在喷气燃料中的溶解度随温度的降低而降低,析出的微量水极易形成冰晶,而在喷气燃料中加入燃油系统防冰剂能有效增加水在相同温度下的溶解度。研究燃油系统防冰剂对水在不同喷气燃料中溶解度的影响对加强飞机燃油系统水管理具有重要作用。项目对水在3号喷气燃料、纯合成烃喷气燃料及50:50体积比含合成烃喷气燃料中的溶解度进行了测量,考察了二乙二醇甲醚及三乙二醇甲醚防冰剂的加入对水在上述三种燃料中溶解度的增强效果,同时对防冰剂加入浓度对提高水在燃料中溶解度的作用进行了探讨,建立了在3号喷气燃料中加入不同种类的防冰剂后,水在其中溶解度与温度的关系。

Abstract: The solubility of water in the jet fuel decreases as temperature decreases. The free water precipi-tating out from jet fuel can be easily crystalized and adding fuel system anti-icing agent could ef-fectively increase water solubility at the same temperature. Research on the influence of fuel sys-tem anti-icing agent on water solubility in different jet fuels is very important for water manage-ment in fuel system of the aircraft. The solubility of water in No.3 jet fuel, pure synthesized hy-drocarbon jet fuel and 50:50 volume ratio jet fuel containing synthesized hydrocarbon is carefully measured. The effects of addition of DiEGME and TriEGME into jet fuel on water solubility are also studied. A complete discussion is carried out on the impact of concentration of anti-icing agent on improving water solubility in jet fuel. The relationship between temperature and water solubility in jet fuel with different anti-icing agents is also built in this paper.

文章引用: 陈 凯 , 向 海 , 孙 婷 (2015) 燃油系统防冰剂对水在不同喷气燃料中溶解度影响研究。 化学工程与技术, 5, 95-102. doi: 10.12677/HJCET.2015.55015

参考文献

[1] Zambrana, S., Repetto, S.L., Lawson, C.P. and Lam, J.K.-W. (2013) Behaviour of water in jet fuel—A literature review. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 60, 35-44.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paerosci.2012.12.001

[2] Lam, J., Carpenter, M., Williams, C. and Hetherington, J. (2014) Water solubility characteristics of current aviation jet fuels. Fuel, 133, 26-33.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.04.091

[3] Lam, J., Hetherington, J. and Carpenter, M. (2013) Ice growth in aviation jet fuel. Fuel, 113, 402-406.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.05.048

[4] 刘多强, 关绍春, 孙建章, 韩松霖 (2009) 防冰剂在喷气燃料中的应用. 石油化工应用, 5, 1-4.

[5] Taylor, S. (2008) Component interactions in jet fuels: Fuel system icing in-hibitor additive. Energy Fuels, 22, 2396-2404.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef800090p

[6] Repetto, S., Costello, J., Costello, B. and Ratcliffe, N. (2013) The de-velopment of novel fuel dehydrating icing inhibitors. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 6, 553-563.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-2169

[7] Naya, S., Cao, R., Fernandez, M., Saavedra, J., Brage, H. and Can-celo, C. (2013) Estimating water and solid impurities in jet fuel from ISO codes. Energy Fuels, 27, 7858-7867.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef401378z

[8] Murray, J.B., Broadley, S.L. and Morris, J.G. (2011) Supercooling of water droplets in jet aviation fuel. Fuel, 90, 433-435.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.08.018

[9] Raikos, V., Vamvakas, S.S. and Sevastos, D. (2012) Water content, temperature and biocide effects on the growth kinetics of bacteria isolated from JP-8 aviation fuel storage tanks. Fuel, 93, 559-566.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.10.028

[10] Dunn, P.F., Thomas, F.O., Leighton, J.B. and Lv, D. (2011) Determination of Henry’s law constant and the diffusion and polytropic coefficients of air in aviation fuel. Fuel, 90, 1257-1263.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.11.039

分享
Top