超声波式自记蒸发仪的生产应用
The Application of Ultrasonic Type Evaporation Recording Instrument

作者: 张 亭 , 刘少安 :长江水利委员会水文局长江中游水文水资源勘测局,湖北 武汉; 吴 琼 :长江水利委员会水文局,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 超声波式蒸发仪人工观测蒸发量蒸发量日误差蒸发量月误差水面蒸散发公式Ultrasonic Type Evaporation Instrument Manual Observation Evaporation Daily Error of Evaporation Monthly Error of Evaporation Evaporation Equation of Water Surface

摘要: 本文依据汉口某地面气象自动观测系统的自记资料及同步的人工观测蒸发量,来分析超声波式自记蒸发仪的精度,并对超声波蒸发仪受环境因素影响进行了分析,还验证其中一种常用水面蒸发量计算公式的精度。本文中参考诸多自动蒸发方面的文章,在收集资料时注意自动蒸发与人工观测的不同,改进方法提高自记蒸发量的精度。

Abstract: According to the auto-recording data of a ground automatic meteorological station in Hankou and those of synchronous evaporation by manual observation, we analyzed the accuracy of ultrasonic type evaporation recording instrument, evaluated the impact of environmental factors on the ultrasonic evaporating, and verified the accuracy of one commonly used water surface evaporation capacity calculation formula. While collecting the reference articles, we noticed the difference between automatic evaporation and manual observation, so as to change the method to improve the accuracy of recording evaporation.

文章引用: 张 亭 , 吴 琼 , 刘少安 (2015) 超声波式自记蒸发仪的生产应用。 水资源研究, 4, 368-374. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2015.44045

参考文献

[1] 范元品, 李玲. 地面自动站蒸发量观测中应注意的几个问题[J]. 贵州气象, 2004, 28(6): 33-34. FAN Yuanpin, LI Ling. Several problems in the observation of evaporation of the ground automatic station. Journal of Guizhou Meteorology, 2004, 28(6): 33-34. (in Chinese)

[2] 黄嘉佑. 气象统计分析与预报方法[M]. 北京: 气象出版社, 2000. HUANG Jiayou. Meteorological statistical analysis and forecasting method. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2000. (in Chinese)

[3] 沈艳等. 我国自动与人工蒸发量观测资料的对比分析[J]. 应用气象学报, 2008, 19(4): 463-470. SHEN Yan, et al. The comparative analysis of the observation data of the automatic and manual evaporation in China. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2008, 19(4): 463-470. (in Chinese)

[4] 濮培民. 水面蒸发与散热系数公式研究[J]. 湖泊科学, 1994, 6(1): 1-12. PU Peimin. The formula of water surface evaporation and heat dissipation coefficient. Journal of Lake Sciences, 1994, 6(1): 1-12. (in Chinese)

[5] 闵骞. 水面蒸发量计算公式的研究[J]. 水资源研究, 2004, 25(1): 38-47. MIN Qian. Study on the calculation formula of water surface evaporation. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2004, 25(1): 38-47. (in Chinese)

分享
Top