树木–人格测验与抑郁和焦虑相关性的初步探究
A Primary Study of Relevance between Baumtest with Depression and Anxiety

作者: 伍凯悦 , 司徒颖如 , 邱鸿钟 :广州中医药大学应用心理系,广东 广州;

关键词: 抑郁焦虑树木投射法绘画特征相关分析Anxiety Depression Baumtest Painting Characteristics Correlation Analysis

摘要: 绘画投射法能挖掘个人潜在的心理特征,从而弥补当前量表测量法的不足。本研究利用73个案例的抑郁自评量表(Self-Rating Depression Scale, SDS)和焦虑自评量表(Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, SAS)的标准分和树木-人格投射测验的40项具体绘画特征进行Spearman相关分析,得出结果为:线条清淡轻力度与焦虑正相关(r = 0.255),不用彩笔与抑郁正相关(r = 0.241);在20岁以下的青少年组中,抑郁与突出果实(r = −0.524)和树左右偏斜(r = −0.530)均呈负相关,焦虑与线条清淡轻力度呈正相关(r = 0.574);在20~39岁的青壮年组中,焦虑与线条粗重重力度呈负相关(r = −0.371);在40岁以上的中老年组中,焦虑与树左右偏斜(r = 0.515)和两种或以上彩色(r = 0.576)均呈正相关,以上所有相关在0.05上的水平上显著。

Abstract: Projective drawing, which reveals one’s potential personality, can remedy the defect of self-report inventories. Spearman’s correlation was used to analyze the relevance between the standard scores of SDS, SAS in 73 cases and 40 painting characteristics of Baumtest. As a result, light strength was positively correlated with anxiety (r = 0.255); not using color pen was positively correlated with depression (r = 0.241). In the adolescence group under 20 years, emphasized fruit (r = −0.524) and deflected tree (r = −0.530) were negatively correlated with depression, while light strength was positively correlated with anxiety (r = 0.574); in the post-adolescence group between 20 and 39 years, heavy strength was negatively correlated with anxiety (r = −0.371); in the middlescence over 40 years, deflected tree (r = 0.515) and using 2 or more colors (r = 0.576) were positively correlated with anxiety. The above relevance is obvious on the level of 0.05.

文章引用: 伍凯悦 , 司徒颖如 , 邱鸿钟 (2015) 树木–人格测验与抑郁和焦虑相关性的初步探究。 心理学进展, 5, 494-502. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.58064

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