简单形状的情绪效应
The Affective Effect of Simple Geometric Shapes

作者: 王依楠 , 张 钦 :首都师范大学,北京市认知与学习重点实验室,北京;

关键词: 简单形状情绪意义威胁刺激情绪启动范式Simple Shapes Affective Meaning Threaten Stimulus Affective Priming Paradigm

摘要: 本研究采用情绪启动范式,以首都师范大学在校生为被试,检验了简单形状的情绪效应。实验一发现快乐表情的情绪一致性效应,圆形启动刺激促进对快乐表情的判断,倒三角形启动刺激干扰表情判断。实验二发现形状的情绪一致性影响,倒三角形促进对消极词语的加工,干扰对积极词语的加工,圆形产生相反的作用。实验表明,圆形表征着积极意义,倒三角形表征消极意义,且这种情绪意义可以被自动激活,对认知操作产生不同的影响。

Abstract: Selecting undergraduates of Capital Normal University as participants, the present work sought to examine the emotional meaning of simple geometric shapes with an affective priming paradigm. In Experiment 1, we found an effect of affective congruency on happy faces. Results showed that the happy faces were recognized faster after circle than inverted triangle primes. Experiment 2 revealed a significant effect of affective congruency. The inverted triangle facilitated the processing of negative words and interfered with the processing of positive words. The shape of circle had an opposite effect. The present findings support that inverted triangles represent an unpleasant or threatening meaning, whereas circles are perceived as pleasant stimuli. This meaning could be ac-tivated automatically and exert different influences on cognitive performance.

文章引用: 王依楠 , 张 钦 (2015) 简单形状的情绪效应。 心理学进展, 5, 471-480. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.58061

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