阻燃镁合金研究现状
Current Research on Ignition-proof Magnesium Alloys

作者: 李永艳 , 丁俭 , 薛海涛 , 赵维民 :;

关键词: 镁合金阻燃合金化Magnesium alloy Ignition-proof Alloying

摘要: 详细介绍了含Ca、Be和RE等元素的阻燃镁合金研究现状,并指出了阻燃镁合金研究中存在的问题及未来的发展趋势。最终得出结论:加入Ca或Be元素会显著提高镁合金起燃温度,但过量的Ca和Be会严重恶化合金力学性能,而RE元素的少量加入不但能够提高合金起燃温度,而且RE对合金的力学性能会起到有益作用,因而其是未来阻燃镁合金的发展方向。

Abstract: The current status of study on ignition-proof magnesium alloys containing Ca, Be and RE is described in detailed, the existing problems and the development tendency are also pointed out. Finally the conclusion is Ca or Be can improve the ignition temperature of magnesium alloys significantly, however, excessive Ca or Be will deteriorate the mechanical properties of alloys seriously. By adding a small amount of RE elements can simultaneously improve the alloy ignition temperature and the mechanical properties, so it is the future development trend of the ignition-proof magnesium alloy.

文章引用: 李永艳 , 丁俭 , 薛海涛 , 赵维民 (2011) 阻燃镁合金研究现状。 材料科学, 1, 56-59. doi: 10.12677/ms.2011.12011

参考文献

[1] M. Sakamoto. Mechanism of non-combustibility and ignition of Ca-bearing Mg melt. Proceedings of the fifth Asian Foundry Congress. Nanjing: Southeast University Press, 1997: 380-389.

[2] 樊建峰, 杨根仓, 程素玲等. 含Ca阻燃镁合金的高温氧化行为[J]. 中国有色金属学报, 2004, 14(10): 1666-1670.

[3] 赵云虎, 曾小勤, 丁文江等. Be和Ca对Mg-9Al-0. 5Zn合金表面氧化行为的影响[J]. 中国有色金属学报, 2000, 10(6): 847-852.

[4] 黄晓峰, 周宏, 何镇明. 阻燃镁合金起燃温度的研究[J]. 稀有金属材料与工程, 2002, 31(3): 221-224.

[5] J.-K. Lee, H.-H. Jo, and K. K. Shae. Effect of CaO addition on ignition behavior in molten AZ31 and AZ91D Magnesium alloys. Rare Metals, 2006, 25(6): 155-159.

[6] S.-H. Ha, J.-K. Lee, and H.-H. Jo. Behavior of CaO and Calcium in pure Magnesium. Rare Metals, 2006, 25(2): 150-154.

[7] Nussbaum, P. Bridot, T. J. Warner, et al. In magnesium alloys and their applications. B. L. Mordike and K. U. Kainer, eds., Werkstoff-Information-sge-sellschaft, 1998: 105-120.

[8] 周全, 陈乐平. Sr对ZM5-3%Ca阻燃镁合金组织与性能的影响[J]. 铸造技术, 2008, 29(4): 516-519.

[9] 樊建峰, 杨根仓, 周尧和等. Mg-3. 5Y-0. 8Ca阻燃镁合金的表面氧化膜结构研究[J]. 稀有金属材料与工程, 2007, 36(8): 1326-1330.

[10] S. Akiyama. Flame-resistant magnesium alloys by Calcium. Journal of Japan Foundry Engineering Society, 1994, 68(1): 143.

[11] J. R. Bums. Berylliumin Magnesium casting alloys. Transactions of the ASM, 1948, 40: 143-148.

[12] G. Foerster. HiLon: A new approach to Magnesium die casting. Advanced Materials & Processes, 1998, 154(4): 79-81.

[13] W. Spiegelberg, S. Ali, and S. Dunstone. The effects of beryllium additions on Magnesium and Magnesium containing alloys//Mor- dvke B L, Hehman F. Magnesium alloys and their applications. Dgm Informations Gesellschaft Verlag, 1992: 251- 256.

[14] X. Q. Zeng, Q. D. Wang, Y. Z. Lv, et al. Influence of beryllium and rare earth additions on ignition-proof magnesium alloys. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2001, 112(1): 17-23.

[15] 韩富银, 田林海, 梁伟等. 阻燃镁合金AZ91D-0. 3Be-RE的研究[J]. 材料热处理学报, 2007, 28(4): 26-29.

[16] N. V. R. Kumar, J. J. Blandin, M. Suery, et al. Effect of alloying elements on the ignition resistance of magnesium alloys. Scripta Materialia, 2003, 49(3): 225-230.

[17] 辛明德, 吉泽升, 梁维中等. 加入Ce和Ca对AZ91D镁合金起燃温度的影响[J]. 中国有色金属学报, 2003, 13(3): 731-734.

[18] 黄晓峰, 周宏, 何镇明. AZ91D加铈阻燃镁合金氧化膜结构分析[J]. 中国稀土学报, 2002, 20(1): 49-52.

[19] 蒋汉祥, 郭红, 马立华等. 加入钙和稀土对AZ91D镁合金起燃温度的影响[J]. 重庆科技学院学报(自然科学版), 2006, 8(2): 36-38.

[20] W. M. Zhao, Y. Zhao, Z. F. Wang, et al. Effect of Mg-Nd master alloys on ignition-proof performance of AZ91D magnesium alloy. Advanced Materials Research, 2011, 214: 118-121.

[21] 邹永良, 李华基, 薛寒松等. 混合稀土对ZM5镁合金熔炼起燃温度的影响[J]. 重庆大学学报, 2003, 26(5): 33-36.

[22] Y. Y. Li, W. M. Zhao, H. T. Xue, et al. Study on Magnesium Alloys Ignition Temperature Test System. In: X. F. Zhu, J. W. Zhu (Eds.), 2010 International Conference on Services Science, Management and Engineering. Tianjin: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. 2010, 1: 276-279.

[23] W. M. Zhao, Z. F. Shi, Z. F. Wang, et al. Effect of rare-earth elements on the ignition-proof behavior of industrial pure magnesium. Materials Science Forum, 2010, 654-656: 1464-1467.

分享
Top