聚乙烯高整体性容器(HIC)暂存库在核电站中的应用研究
Study on the Application of Interim Store of Polyethylene HIC in Nuclear Power Station

作者: 耿忠林 , 方祥洪 , 李斌 :中电投远达环保工程有限公司,重庆;

关键词: 高整体性容器废物暂存库设计HIC Waste Interim Store Design

摘要: 在放射性废固处理处置问题愈发突出的情况下,聚乙烯高整体性容器(HIC桶)在ALARA (合理可行尽可能低)、废物最小化、可操作性、系统复杂性及成本等各方面具有优势,HIC桶在美国等核技术发达国家广泛使用,具备良好的工程应用业绩,拥有被不断验证和改进的成熟配套设备,同样,在我国从山东海阳核电站开始,HIC桶将会陆续应用在放射性废物处理和处置上,这不可避免的会涉及HIC桶的贮存问题,根据GB14500-2002和GB14589-93的规定,低、中放固体废物的贮存期一般不宜超过5年。本文结合国内的标准规范和海阳核电厂的工程应用,阐述了HIC废物桶在核电厂产生后的贮存要求和暂存库的设计考虑。

Abstract: Under a more challengeable situation of radwaste treatment and disposal, high integrated con-tainer (HIC drum) has advantages in respect of ALARA, waste minimization, operability, system complexity and cost. In countries with nuclear technology highly developed, such as USA, HIC is widely used and has abundant project references, the complete equipment of which is continuously verified and improved. Likewise in China, since firstly used in Shandong Haiyang nuclear power station, HIC will be subsequently applied in other radwaste treatment and disposal projects, which inevitably brings about the problem of HIC storage. In accordance with the specifications of GB14500-2002and GB14589-93, storage period of low and intermediate radioactive solid waste shall not be more than 5 years. By combining standards and regulations in China as well as project application of Haiyang nuclear power station, this article states the storage requirements of HIC waste drum generated in nuclear power plant and design considerations of interim store.

文章引用: 耿忠林 , 方祥洪 , 李斌 (2015) 聚乙烯高整体性容器(HIC)暂存库在核电站中的应用研究。 核科学与技术, 3, 97-102. doi: 10.12677/NST.2015.33014

参考文献

[1] GB 14500-2002 放射性废物管理规定.

[2] GB 14589-93 核电厂低、中水平放射性固体废物暂时贮存技术规定.

[3] Ruffin, Ed. (2011) Energy solution polyethylene high integrity container qualification report.

[4] Poole, S.D., Ed. (2013) Energy solution polyethylene high integrity container special topics report. HIC专题报告.

[5] CNSI 聚乙烯HIC型式试验报告.

[6] US NRC-Nuclear Material (1991) United State Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, Technical Position on Wasteform. 1991.1

[7] GB12711-1991 低、中水平放射性固体废物包装安全标准.

[8] GB18871-2002 电离辐射防护与辐射源安全基本标准.

[9] 中电投远达环保 (2012) 海阳核电厂址废物处理设施设计文件. 2012.9.

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