天门市生态足迹分析
Ecological Footprint of Tianmen City

作者: 熊炳桥 , 叶 晶 , 张雯娜 :湖北大学资源环境学院,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 生态足迹生态赤字国家公顷可持续发展天门Ecological Footprint Ecological Deficit National Hectare Sustainable Development Tianmen City

摘要:
生态足迹是一种将某地区资源消耗和废弃物排放的影响转化为生物生产性土地的方法,它能够定量分析可持续发展的程度。该文对天门市5年来的生态足迹进行了计算分析。计算结果表明,天门市历年生态足迹呈不断增加趋势,5年间增加13.63%,人均承载力呈小幅波动增长,增长率为2.1%。而且人均生态足迹均呈现生态赤字现象,从2009年的0.66686 hm2增加到2013年的0.80852 hm2,增长率为21.24%。人均生态足迹和人均GDP逐年增大的同时,人均万元GDP足迹逐年减小。这一结果,反映天门市的资源利用已超出实际的生态承载力范围,经济发展过程中的生态状况不容乐观,并在此基础上提出天门市未来可持续发展可选途径。

Abstract: As a method to measure the effect of environment, ecological footprint can assess the sustainable development level of a certain region. In this paper, we give an introduction to the concept of eco-logical footprint and computing modeling. Then, we take Tianmen City as a case study and assess its development situation from 2009 to 2013 by ecological footprint theory. The result showed that the per capita ecological footprint of Tianmen City increased 13.63% and the per capita ecological capacity increased 2.1% in the 5 years. This region had been in ecological deficit and increased by 21.24% from 0.66686 hm2 to 0.80852 hm2. The per capita ecological footprint and per capita GDP kept increasing, while the ecological footprint of ten thousand yuan GDP presented a downward trend. In addition to these analyses, the ecological footprint of Tianmen was beyond the available ecological capacity, and the ecological environment was at risk. The available measures for the sustainable development of Tianmen city in the future were put forward.

文章引用: 熊炳桥 , 叶 晶 , 张雯娜 (2015) 天门市生态足迹分析。 可持续发展, 5, 57-66. doi: 10.12677/SD.2015.53009

参考文献

[1] Rees, W.E. (1992) Ecological footprint and appropriated carrying capacity: what urban economics leaves out. Envi-ronment and Urbanization, 4, 121-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095624789200400212

[2] Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Bello, P., et al. (1997) Ecological footprints of nations. Commissioned by the earth council for the rioforum. International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, Toronto, 10-21.

[3] 张志强, 徐中民, 程国栋 (2000) 生态足迹的概念及计算模型生态经济. 生态经济, 16, 8-10.

[4] 徐中民, 程国栋, 张志强 (2001) 生态足迹方法:可持续性定量研究的新方法——以张掖地区1995年的生态足迹计算为例. 生态学报, 21, 1484-1493.

[5] 杨开忠, 杨咏, 陈洁 (2000) 生态足迹分析理论与方法. 地球科学进展, 15, 630-636.

[6] 成升魁 (2000) 生态占用——衡量可持续发展的新指标. 自然资源学报, 15, 375-382.

[7] 徐中民, 张志强, 程国栋 (2000) 甘肃省1998年生态足迹计算与分析. 地理学报, 5, 607-616.

[8] 张红霞, 苏勤, 章锦河, 王群 (2006) 1990~1999年安徽省生态足迹的动态测度与分析. 生态学杂志, 1, 39-44.

[9] 卢远, 华璀 (2004) 广西1990~2002年生态足迹动态分析. 中国人口•资源与环境, 14, 49-53.

[10] 郭秀锐, 杨居荣, 毛显强 (2003) 城市生态足迹计算与分析——以广州为例. 地理研究, 22, 654-662.

[11] 陈敏, 王如松, 张丽君, 怀保光 (2006) 中国2002年省域生态足迹分析. 应用生态学报, 3, 424-428.

[12] Wackernagel, M. and Rees, W. (1996) Our ecological footprint: Reducing human impact on the earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island.

[13] 陈东景, 徐中民, 程国栋, 张志强 (2001) 中国西北地区的生态足迹. 冰川冻土, 2, 164-169.

[14] Rees, W. and Wackernagel, M. (1996) Urban ecological footprints: Why cities cannot be sustainable, and why they are a key to sustainability. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 16, 223-248.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0195-9255(96)00022-4

[15] Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Bello, P., Linares, A.C., Falfán, I.S.L., Garcı́a, J.M., et al. (1999) National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 29, 375-390.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(98)90063-5

[16] Wackernagel, M. and Rees, W.E. (1997) Perceptual and structural barriers to investing in natural capital: Economics from an ecological footprint perspective. Ecological Eco-nomics, 20, 3-24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(96)00077-8

[17] Wackernagel, M., Lewan, L. and Hansson, C.B. (1999) Evaluating the use of natural capital with the ecological footprint applications in Sweden and Subregions. AMBIO, 28, 604-612.

[18] 翁伯琦, 王义祥, 黄毅斌, 应朝阳, 黄勤楼 (2006) 福建省生态足迹和生态承载力的动态变化. 应用生态学报, 11, 2153-2157.

[19] 张志强, 徐中民, 程国栋, 陈东景 (2001) 中国西部12省(区市)的生态足迹. 地理学报, 5, 599-610.

[20] Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C., Erb, K.H., Haberl, H. and Schulz, N.B. (2004) Ecological footprint time series of Austria, the Philippines, and South Korea for 1961-1999: Comparing the conventional approach to an “actual land area” approach. Land Use Policy, 21, 26l-269.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2003.10.007

[21] Wackemagel, M., Monfreda, C., Schulz, N.B., Erb, K.-H., Haberl, H. and Krausmann, F. (2004) Calculating national and global ecological footprint time series: resolving conceptual challenges. Land Use Policy, 21, 271-278.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2003.10.006

[22] 白艳莹, 王效科, 欧阳志云, 苗鸿 (2003) 苏锡常地区生态足迹分析. 资源科学, 6, 31-37.

[23] 谢鸿宇, 王羚郦, 陈贤生 (2007) 生态足迹评价模型的改进于应用. 化学工业出版社, 北京.

分享
Top