中国农村资金互助组织发展的现状及对策
Status Quo and Countermeasures of Development of Rural Mutual Cooperative Organizations in China

作者: 鞠荣华 :中国农业大学经济管理学院,北京; 刘芸利 :河南省银监局,河南 郑州;

关键词: 农村资金互助组织发展现状问题对策Rural Mutual Fund Organization Status Quo of Development Problem Countermeasure

摘要:
本文在对4个省、自治区和直辖市包括7家正规和7家非正规的农村资金互助组织进行调研访谈的基础上,从治理机制与风险控制、基本业务规则、经营状况和社会认可度几个方面描述了我国农村资金互助组织发展的现状,认为农村资金互助组织具有志愿服务、社区基础、无需抵押和资金封闭运行等优势,但也存在内部治理不完善、缺乏外部监管、名称被滥用、不能接入央行系统等问题,最后,本文提出了完善法律法规、明确监管主体、借助行业协会力量进行监管的对策建议。

Abstract: On the basis of field interview and questionnaire investigation on 14 sample rural mutual cooper-ative organizations in 4 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in China, among which 7 are formal approved by China Banking Regulatory Commission and the other 7 are informal. This paper describes the status quo from perspectives of governance and internal control, business rules, operation results and social cognition, proposes the advantages of these organizations such as volunteer service, community basis, no need of mortgage and closed funds operation, and points out the problems of these organizations such as incomplete internal governance, lack of external supervision, name abuse and no connection with central bank system. Finally, the paper makes some suggestions such as improving law and regulations, clarifying regulatory body and drawing support from mutual cooperative association.

文章引用: 鞠荣华 , 刘芸利 (2015) 中国农村资金互助组织发展的现状及对策。 金融, 5, 39-46. doi: 10.12677/FIN.2015.53006

参考文献

[1] 付琼 (2013) 基于专业合作社的内生型农村资金互助组织研究. 当代经济研究, 11, 70-74.

[2] 何广文 (2007) 农村资金互助合作机制及其绩效阐释. 金融理论与实践, 4, 3-8.

[3] 张德元, 张亚军 (2008) 关于农民资金互助合作组织的思考与分析. 经济学家, 1, 40-47.

[4] 刘宛晨, 段泽宇 (2008) 完善农村资金互助社以满足农户信贷需求. 财经理论与实践, 3, 26-29.

[5] 姜斐然 (2011) 内生型农村资金互助模式探究——基于山东省蒙阴县农民专业合作社的实证分析. 西南民族大学学报(人文社科版), 7, 143-148.

[6] 马九杰, 周向阳 (2013) 农村资金互助社的所有权结构、治理机制与金融服务. 江汉论坛, 5, 59-65.

[7] 潘军昌, 张学姣, 孔有利 (2013) 农民资金互助社监管漏洞探析——基于灌南农民资金互助社倒闭案的分析. 江苏农业科学, 10, 412-414.

分享
Top