1961~2010年海河流域水汽输送与变化特征分析
Atmospheric Water Transport Characteristic over the Haihe River Basin during 1961-2010

作者: 平 凡 , 刘 强 :北京师范大学环境学院,水环境模拟国家重点实验室,北京; 贾炳浩 :中国科学院大气物理研究所,北京;

关键词: 水汽含量水汽通量水汽收支海河流域Water Vapor Content Water Vapor Flux Water Vapor Budget Haihe River Basin

摘要:
本文运用NCEP/NCAR再分析数据,计算分析了海河流域整层大气水汽含量即可降水量、纬向输送水汽通量、经向输送水汽通量以及流域的四个边界水汽通量的季节变化和年代际变化特征。结果表明:近50年来海河流域整层大气可降水量呈减小趋势,并于2009年降到近50年的最低值,夏季大气可降水量高于其他季节;经向和纬向水汽输送通量年际变化均呈减小趋势,但纬向水汽输送方向全年由西向东,而经向水汽输送方向冬半年为由北向南,夏半年由南向北;海河流域的水汽收支代际变化均为输入,但总体上呈下降趋势,且夏季水汽输入多于其他季节,水汽收支主要受经向水汽输送的影响,且受到东亚夏季风和中纬度西风带自西向东的水汽输送控制。

Abstract: Based on NCEP/NCAR monthly reanalyzed data, the variability of water vapor content, water vapor flux and water budget in Haihe River basin was analyzed, which used to reflect changes of the source of at-mospheric water. The water vapor content exhibited a decreasing trend during 1961-2010, and annual water vapor content reached its lowest level at 2009. The water vapor content of Haihe River basin is most abundant in summer. The zonal and meridional water vapor presented decreasing trends during 1961-2010. Unexpectedly, the zonal water vapor transported from west to east at whole years; while meridional water vapor flux varied with season, transported from north to south in winter and from south to north in summer. The water vapor content was input and presented decreasing trends at decade scale. The water vapor budget for Haihe River basin maintained positive value at seasonal scale, especially it presented higher value in summer than that in other seasons. The vapor budget is mainly controlled by meridional water vapor transport. Influenced by the East Asian monsoon and mid-latitude westerlies, water vapor mainly imported from west and south.

文章引用: 平 凡 , 刘 强 , 贾炳浩 (2015) 1961~2010年海河流域水汽输送与变化特征分析。 水资源研究, 4, 265-272. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2015.43032

参考文献

[1] HELD, I. M., SODEN, B. J. Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming. Journal of Climate, 2006, 19(21): 5686-5699.

[2] WENTZ, F. J., RICCIARDULLI, L., HILBURN, K., et al. How much more rain will global warming bring? Science, 2007, 317(5835): 233-235.

[3] 夏军, 黄浩. 海河流域水污染及水资源短缺对经济发展的影响[J]. 资源科学, 2006, 28(2): 2-7.XIA Jun, HUANG Hao. Impacts of water pollution and shortage on economic development of the Haihe River basin. Rresources Science, 2006, 28(2): 2-7. (in Chinese)

[4] 江波, 欧阳志云, 苗鸿, 等. 海河流域湿地生态系统服务功能价值评价[J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31(8): 2236-2244.JIANG Bo, OUYANG Zhiyunm, MIAO Hong, et al. Ecosystem services valuation of the Haihe River basin wetlands. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(8): 2236-2244. (in Chinese)

[5] LIU, J. H., QIN, D. Y., WANG,H., et al. Dualistic water cycle pattern and its evolution in Haihe River basin. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2010, 55(16): 1688-1697.

[6] 王宁, 徐祥德, 徐洪雄, 等. 一次东北冷涡暴雨的水汽输送特征和位涡分析[J]. 地理科学, 2014,34(2): 211-219.WANG Ning, XU Xiangde, XU Hongxiong, et al. Water vapor transport features and potential vortices analysis of a northeast cold vortex rainstorm. Geographical Science, 2014,34(2): 211-219. (in Chinese)

[7] 张书萍. 华北空中水资源年代际变化及其与大尺度海—陆温度变化的关系[D]. 中国气象科学研究院, 2011.ZHANG Shuping. Decadal variations of air water resources in North China and its linkage to the large-scale land-sea surface temperature. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, 2011. (in Chinese)

[8] 郭志梅, 缪启龙, 李雄. 中国北方地区近50年来气温变化特征的研究[J]. 地理科学, 2005, 25(4): 448-454.GUO Zhimei, MIAO Qilong, LI Xiong. Variation characteristics of temperature over Northern China in recent 50 years. Geographical Science, 2005, 25(4): 448-454. (in Chinese)

[9] ZHANG, Z., ZHANG, Q., CHEN, X., et al. Statistical properties of moisture transport in East Asia and their impacts on wetness/dryness variations in North China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2011, 104(3-4): 337-347.

[10] SUN, L., SHEN, B., SUI, B. A study on water vapor transport and budget of heavy rain in Northeast China. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2010, 27(6): 1399-1414.

[11] 张利平, 夏军, 林朝晖, 等. 海河流域大气水资源变化与输送特征研究[J]. 水利学报, 2008, 39(2): 206-211.ZHANG Lip-ing, XIA Jun, LIN Zhaohui, et al. Variation and transport feature of atmospheric water resources in Haihe River basin. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2008, 39(2): 206-211. (in Chinese)

[12] 严登华, 袁喆, 杨志勇, 等. 1961年以来海河流域干旱时空变化特征分析[J]. 水科学进展, 2013, 24(1): 2-7.YAN Denghua, YUAN Zhe, YANG Zhiyong, et al. Spatial and temporal changes in drought since 1961 in Haihe River basin. Advances in Water Science, 2013, 24(1): 2-7. (in Chinese)

[13] 叶敏, 吴永萍, 周杰, 等. 影响华北盛夏降水的水汽路径客观定量化的研究[J]. 物理学报, 2014, 63(12): 129201.YE Min, WU Yongping, ZHOU Jie, et al. Objective quantification of the water vapor path influencing precipitation in North China in summer. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(12): 129201. (in Chinese)

[14] 谢坤, 任雪娟. 华北夏季大气水汽输送特征及其与夏季旱涝的关系[J]. 气象科学, 2008, 28(5): 508-514.XIE Kun, REN Xuejuan. Climatological characteristics of atmospheric water vapor transport and its relation with rainfall over North China in summer. Meteorological Science, 2008, 28(5): 508-514. (in Chinese)

[15] ZHOU, T., YU, R. Atmospheric water vapor transport associated with typical anomalous summer rainfall patterns in China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984-2012), 2005, 110(D8): 211.

[16] WU, Y., SHEN, Y., LI, B. L. Possible physical mechanism of water vapor transport over Tarim River Basin. Ecological Complexity, 2012, 9(2): 63-70.

[17] 褚健婷, 夏军, 许崇育, 等. 海河流域气象和水文降水资料对比分析及时空变异[J]. 地理学报, 2009, 64(9): 1083-1092.CHU Jianting, XIA Jun, XU Chongyu, et al. Comparison and spatial-temporal variability of daily precipitation data of weather stations and rain gauges in Haihe River basin. Acta Geographical Science, 2009, 64(9): 1083-1092. (in Chinese)

[18] 房巧敏, 龚道溢, 毛睿. 中国近46年来冬半年日降水变化特征分析[J]. 地理科学, 2007, 27(5): 711-717.FANG Qiaomin, GONG Daoyi, MAO Rui. Changes of daily precipitation of China in wintertime during the last 46 years. Geographical Science, 2007, 27(5): 711-717. (in Chinese)

[19] 马京津, 于波, 高晓清, 等. 大尺度环流变化对华北地区夏季水汽输送的影响[J]. 高原气象, 2008, 27(3): 517-523.MA Jingjin, YU Bo, GAO Xiaoqing, et al. Change of large scale circulation and its impact on the water vapor over North China. Plateau Meteorology, 2008, 27(3): 517-523. (in Chinese)

[20] 杜银, 张耀存, 谢志清. 东亚副热带西风急流位置变化及其对中国东部夏季降水异常分布的影响[J]. 大气科学, 2009, 33(3): 581-592.DU Yin, ZHANG Yaocun, XIE Zhiqing. Location variation of the East Asia subtropical westerly jet and its effect on the summer precipitation anomaly over Eastern China. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2009, 33(3): 581-592. (in Chinese)

[21] YU, R., WANG, B., ZHOU, T. Tropospheric cooling and summer monsoon weakening trend over East Asia. Geophysical Research Letters, 2004, 31(22): 217-244.

[22] 朱玲, 柳艳香, 左洪超, 等. 海河流域水汽输送及其变化特征分析[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2011, 7(3): 184-188.ZHU Ling, LIU Yanxiang, ZUO Hongchao, et al. Water vapor transport characteristics over the Haihe River basin. Advances in Climate Change Research, 2011, 7(3): 184-188. (in Chinese)

分享
Top