沉浸倾向问卷的中文版修订及信效度检验
Validation and Reliability of the Chinese Version of Immersed Tendency Questionnaire

作者: 田 雨 , 卞玉龙 , 韩丕国 , 李晓岳 , 王 鹏 , 高峰强 :山东师范大学心理学院,山东 济南;

关键词: 沉浸倾向问卷中文版修订信度效度Immersed Tendency Questionnaire (ITQ) Chinese Revised Version Reliability Validity

摘要:
目的:按照问卷修订基本流程对Witmer等人1998年编制的沉浸倾向问卷(ITQ)进行中文版修订及信效度检验。方法:选取360名大学生进行项目分析和探索性因素分析;另外抽取440名大学生进行验证性因素分析、同质性信度检验、结构效度检验,并以网络游戏沉浸问卷得分为效标进行效标关联效度检验。结果:探索性因素分析显示问卷包括四个因子,分别命名为游戏沉浸、状态卷入、专注和情感卷入,四因子解释方差50.65%。总量表的Cronbach α系数为0.78,四个因子的α系数在0.512~0.789。验证性因素分析显示问卷具有较好的结构效度(χ2/df = 2.736, NNFI = 0.91, IFI = 0.93, CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.064),效标效度检验结果表明修订后的问卷具有较好的效标效度(r = 0.575, p < 0.001)。结论:修订后的中文版沉浸倾向问卷具有较好的信效度,能够应用于相关领域的研究。

Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to determine a factor structure for the immersed ten-dency questionnaire (ITQ) under the background of Chinese culture. The 14 items comprising the ITQ originally derived from Witmer and Michael’s immersed tendency questionnaire (1998). Me-thods: Data from 360 university students were subjected to exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and 440 university students were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results: CFA con-firmed that ITQ was a 4-factor structure. EFA explained 50.65% of the variance through a 19-item, 4-factor structure (game immersed, state involvement, focus, and emotional involvement). Adding the total score, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.512 - 0.789. ITQ had satisfying structure va-lidity (χ2/df = 2.736, NNFI = 0.91, IFI = 0.93, CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.064) and criterion validity (r = 0.575, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The revised ITQ had a satisfying structure validity and reliability; the 4-factor had a significantly better fit, and could be used in the related fields of research.

文章引用: 田 雨 , 卞玉龙 , 韩丕国 , 李晓岳 , 王 鹏 , 高峰强 (2015) 沉浸倾向问卷的中文版修订及信效度检验。 心理学进展, 5, 386-392. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.56050

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