Analyzing the Application of OCT in Examining Retinal Macular Diseases
Abstract: Purpose: Discussing the application of OCT in examining retinal macular diseases. Method: Col-lecting data from people who were willing to have OCT examination in retinal macula, during their health examination in the hospital. Among 9202 volunteers, 5926 are male, 3276 are female. Their age is between 23 - 72 (47.5 ± 24.5), vison acuity 0.05 - 1.5. Analysing the severity and reasons of retinal macular diseases among health examination population, 9202 volunteers were examined, 1928 of whom were diagnosed of macular diseases, the positive rate was 21%. Among them, 733 volunteers (7.97%) were diagnosed of posterior vitreous detachment, 465 volunteers (5.05%) macular pigment disorder, 262 volunteers (2.85%) vitreous wart, 199 volunteers (2.16%) macular epiretinal membrane, 114 volunteers (1.24%) pigment epithelium detachment, 96 volunteers (1.04%) macular hole, 29 volunteers (0.32%) central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), 17 volunteers (0.18%) retinoschisis, 13 volunteers (0.14%) central serous infiltration. Conclusion: OCT examination has significant effect on observing layer structure of retinal macula as well as its lesion distribution. Besides, the shape, area and boundary of lesions can be observed as well, which plays a vital role in diagnosing and determining the treatment plan timely.
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