Advances in Hydrological and Water Resources Response to Land Use/Cover Change
Abstract: With rapid economic development and population growth, the impacts of human activities on land surface have being increased. Land use and cover change (LUCC) has become driving forces varying hydrological processes and water resources. The research in this field has been the focus of attention and the international and national frontier. In this paper, research progress of hydrological and water resources response to LUCC was summarized, which was reviewed and discussed from points of view of hydrological elements response, such as water cycle, water yield as well as water quality. This article aims to gain some insight into the laws of hydrological change to LUCC, recognize correctly water resources variation features, and provide a scientific basis for rational analysis of hydrological and water resources, accurate flood prediction and sustainable development and utilization of water resources. Some conclusions of this paper were drawn as follows: 1) the impact of LUCC on water cycle, water flow and water quality has more variability in time and spatial scale. 2) LUCC may result in intensifying the hydrological cycle, driving hydrological factors variation such as precipitation, evaporative capacity and surface runoff, enhancing the frequency of extreme events, which finally may change regional water volume balance and have impact on the distribution of regional water resources. It is wise to give more attention to hydrological extreme events. 3) We should have serious consideration about the land use change in the basin and minimize its impact on water resources. 4) Unifying water quality, water yield and water zoology, the response of Water ecological carrying capacity to LUCC should be studied in recent future.
文章引用: 贺克雕 , 段昌群 , 杨世美 , 季克强 (2015) 土地利用/覆被变化的水文水资源响应研究综述。 水资源研究， 4， 240-248. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2015.43029
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