舟山市生态经济系统能值足迹计算
The Energy Footprint Calculation of Zhoushan Ecological Economic System

作者: 卢杭辉 , 李 璇 , 赵 晟 :浙江海洋学院,浙江 舟山;

关键词: 生态足迹生态承载力能值分析Ecological Footprint Ecological Carrying Capacity Energy Theory

摘要:
生态足迹是一种衡量一个国家或者一个地区可持续发展状态的方法,定量反映人类活动对生态环境的影响和破坏程度。在对传统生态足迹模型进行简要分析的基础上,本文提出了基于能值分析理论的生态足迹计算的改进模型。本文运用能值足迹模型对舟山市1985~2011年的生态足迹进行计算,得出舟山地区的生态足迹和生态承载力。结果表明,舟山市的生态足迹长期处于亏损状态,达不到可持续发展的要求。造成这种情况的主要原因在于,在近年来,占舟山生态足迹主要位置的水产业由于过度捕捞等原因对舟山市的生态环境产生了很大的影响。

Abstract: Ecological footprint is a method for measuring sustainable development degree of a country or re-gion, quantitatively reflects the destructiveness and influences degree of human activity on eco-logical environment. A modified model for ecological footprint calculation is put forward based on the energy analysis. In this paper, we use the Energy Footprint Model to calculate the ecological footprint of Zhoushan from 1985 to 2011. The result shows that the ecological footprint is in a deficit situation for a long time, and cannot reach the requirements of sustainable development. The reason why this situation happens is that, overfishing has a huge impact on Zhoushan ecological environment.

文章引用: 卢杭辉 , 李 璇 , 赵 晟 (2015) 舟山市生态经济系统能值足迹计算。 世界生态学, 4, 29-35. doi: 10.12677/IJE.2015.42005

参考文献

[1] Wackernagel, M. and Rees W.E. (1997) Perceptual and structural barriers to investing in natural capital: Economics from an ecological footprint perspective. Ecological Economics, 20, 3-24.

[2] Odum, H.T. (1996) Environmental accounting: Emergy and environmental decision making. John Wiley, New York.

[3] Brown, M.T. and Herendeen, R.A. (1996) Embodied energy analysis and emergy analysis: A comparative view. Ecological Economics, 19, 219-235.

[4] Zhang, Y., Liu, J., Zhang, J., et al. (2012) Emergy-based evaluation of system sustainability and ecosystem value of a large-scale constructed wetland in North China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 5595-5609.

[5] Nunes, L.M., Catarino, A., Teixeira, M.R. and Cuesta, E.M. (2013) Framework for the inter-comparison of ecological footprint of universities. Ecological Indicators, 32, 276-284.

[6] Costanza, R. (2000) The dynamics of the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 32, 341-345.

[7] 宋豫秦, 王群超 (2011) 基于能值生态足迹的浙江省可持续发展分析. 长江流域资源与环境, 11, 1285-1290.

[8] 王建源, 陈艳春, 李曼华 (2007) 基于能值分析的山东省生态足迹. 生态学杂志, 9, 1505-1510.

[9] 胡小飞, 代力民, 陈伏生 (2006) 基于生态足迹模型的延边地区可持续发展评价. 生态学杂志, 2, 129-134.

[10] 刘东, 封志明, 杨艳昭 (2012) 基于生态足迹的中国生态承载力供需平衡分析. 自然资源学报, 4, 614-624.

[11] 宋宝莉, 何东 (2011) 基于生态足迹的区域经济可持续发展研究——以成都市为例. 科技进步与对策, 3, 34-37.

[12] 彭建, 吴健生, 蒋依依, 等 (2006) 生态足迹分析应用于区域可持续发展生态评估的缺陷. 生态学报, 8, 2716- 2722.

[13] 王国刚, 杨德刚, 张新焕 (2012) 基于能值理论的生态足迹改进模型及其应用. 中国科学院研究生院学报, 3, 352-358.

[14] 王明全, 王金达, 刘景双 (2009) 基于能值的生态足迹方法在黑龙江和云南二省中的应用与分析. 自然资源学报, 1, 73-81.

[15] 陆宏芳, 沈善瑞, 陈洁 (2005) 生态经济系统的一种整合评价方法:能值理论与分析方法. 生态环境, 1, 121-126.

[16] 林慧龙, 任继周, 傅华 (2005) 草地农业生态系统中的能值分析方法评介. 草业学报, 4, 1-7.

分享
Top