The Literature Analysis and Questionnaire Survey of Cognitive Situation about Chinese Medicine Allergic Reaction
Abstract: Objective: To enhance people’s cognition for traditional Chinese medicine knowledge and use, reasonable use, reduce the adverse reaction of traditional Chinese medicine. Methods: First, re-trieve traditional Chinese medicine injections which are commonly used and caused lots of allergic reactions cases in the report by the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, statistic data about the patient’s general situation and allergic reaction type and so on, and sort result; second, investigate Guangzhou residents perceptions of Chinese medicine allergic reaction, and make a careful analysis of related contents in the valid questionnaires. Results: Retrieve 1352 allergic cases were caused by traditional Chinese medicine injection, the effective rates of type I immune hypersensitivity reactions, males and adults were 94.75%, 54.22% and 74.56% respectively. In 268 effective questionnaires, the effective rates were 10.77% for the first time allergy which was caused by using traditional Chinese medicine, 55.38% residents were not clear; women which often used traditional Chinese medicine made up 64.62%; it accounted for 42.93%, 51.52% respectively because traditional Chinese medicine were effective and less side effects to use it. Conclusion: In the allergy type of clinical drug, type I allergic reaction or anaphylactoid can not be neglected. Improve people’s cognition of the traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is a national treasure, but it should pay attention to choose the suitable dosage forms, correct and reasonable use, guarantee the safety of medication.
文章引用: 樊 孟 , 陈玉琼 , 刘晓波 , 张菊艳 , 邹 琴 , 张 萃 , 李川海 , 龚节合 , 黄 斌 , 王世芳 (2015) 中药过敏反应文献分析与认知情况问卷调查。 临床医学进展， 5， 64-71. doi: 10.12677/ACM.2015.52012
 黄秀纯, 吴雪荣 (2013) 中成药不良反应的文献与问卷调查分析及预防对策. 中国药业, 22, 78-80.
 李黎明, 金若敏, 李小月 (2012) 中药注射剂类过敏反应实验研究进展. 中药药理与临床, 28, 187-190.
 谢毓晋 (1980) 类过敏反应. 武汉医学杂志, 4, 155-160.
 陈秀强 (2001) 临床输液反应的因素. 中国医院药学杂志, 21, 33-35.
 李佳, 黄芝瑛 (2010) 注射用辅料类过敏反应的非临床评价方法. 药物评价研究, 33, 9-12.
 康健 (2013) 59例复方丹参注射液致过敏反应的文献分析. 中国药物警戒, 10, 744-748.
 冯艳霜 (2002) 187例中药致过敏反应文献分析. 药物不良反应杂志, 4, 81-83.
 韩尧 (2013) 滥用中药危害不容忽视. 首都医药, 5, 10-11.
 Johannes, R. and Heidrun, B. (1997) Anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reactions. Clinical Reviews in Al-lergy and Immunology, 17, 387-399.