具衣认知:具身认知研究的新视角
Enclothed Cognition: The New Perspectives on Embodied Cognition

作者: 张 琪 , 尹天子 :贵州师范大学教育科学学院,贵州 贵阳; 冉光明 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 具衣认知具身概念启动方式注意瞬脱Enclothed Cognition Embodied Theory of Concepts Priming Method Attentional Blink

摘要:
本研究的2个实验分别考察了具衣认知理论相关的两个方面。研究1考察了被试实际穿上医师服、书写医师服特点以及观看医师服三种启动条件下个体的注意瞬脱程度,结果发现实际穿上医师服被试较其他两组的注意瞬脱程度更低。而在研究二中,其中一组被试只穿上医师服;而另两组被试除穿上一件医师服外,其身份认同还被操控,分别为医师认同组和病人认同组,结果显示只穿医师服组与医师认同组被试间的注意瞬脱程度无显著差异,而均显著低于病人认同组。因此本研究表明:具衣认知效应是一种启动抽象概念的最佳方式,其他启动方式都无法超过身体体验的作用。综上所述,这些数据表明具衣认知理论和具身认知理论的不同以及相关身份的重要性。

Abstract: The two studies of our present research inspect two aspects of enclothed cognition. Study 1 dem-onstrated that participants in the wearing-a-doctor’s-coat condition had shorter duration and lower degree of attentional blink than participants in writing characteristics or seeing pictures of doctor’s coat conditions. In Study 2, one group of participants wear a doctor’s coat; and the other two groups of subjects not only wear a doctor’s coat, but also their identity be manipulated, they are physician identification group and patient group respectively. There were no significant differences between participants in the wearing-a-doctor’s-coat condition and participants in the iden-tifying-with-doctors condition in the duration and the degree of attentional blink, while participants in these two conditions had shorter duration and lower degree of attentional blink than participants in the identifying-with-patients condition. Thus this study showed that enclothed cog-nition effect was the best way to start a kind of abstract concepts, other way could not be more than the body experiences. Taken together, these data indicate the difference between enclothed cognition and embodied cognition and the importance of associated identity.

文章引用: 张 琪 , 尹天子 , 冉光明 (2015) 具衣认知:具身认知研究的新视角。 心理学进展, 5, 323-333. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.56044

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